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《JOURNAL OF CHEHGDU PHYSICAL EDUCATION INSTITUTE》 1995-01
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Effects of Exercise on Menstrual Function

Zhao Hong; Jin Wenquang; Ma Winqin(Chengdu Institute of Physical Education, Chengdu 610041)  
Many young athletes experience menarche at a later age than less active girls. Thisappears to be particularly prevalent in sports that require high energy and low body weight. Athough no physiological mechanism for this phenomenon has yet been found, one hypothesis is that the high energy demand of vlgorous training prevents some girls from gaining sufficient body weight or fat tocommence menstruation. Another hypothesis is that a later age at menarche is associated with bodycharacteristics that favor athletic performance and that the observed later age at menarche in athletes issimply a matter of natural selection. Whether caused by physical training or merely an observational artifact, a later menarche appears to be associated with superior performance.In some women,menstrual function appcars to be adversely affected by strenuous training.At thistime,the pathogenesis of these menstrual irreguarities remains unknown. but many related factors havebeen identified.
【CateGory Index】: G804.2
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