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《Food & Machinery》 2008-03
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Yunma 1 hemp seeds:Compositional and nutritional analyses

SHAN Liang HUI Ju LIU Yuan-fa JIN Qing-zhe WANG Xing-guo(School of Food Science and Technology, State Key Laboratory of Food Science andTechnology, Jiangnan University,Wuxi, Jiangsu 214122,China)  
The aim of this work was to determine the basic composition and analyze the nutritional values of Yunma 1 hemp seeds. The general composition is obtained: moisture 5.84%,ash content 6.31%,total sugar (calculated as glucose)2.71%, oil 50.41%, and protein 35.08%. Oleic acid 10.48%, linoleic acid 58.48%, and α-linolenic acid 17.78% combined account for 86.74% of total fatty acids and linoleic/α-linolenic acid ratio is close to 3∶1, which is considered as the best ratio for human body metabolism. Total tocopherols content is 8.41 mg/100g of which γ-tocopherol constitutes 86.9%. The Osborne fractions in hemp seed kernel proteins were determined: globulin 43.4%, albumin 28.7%, glutelin 9.28%, and prolamin 3.30%. The denaturation temperature of the Osborne fractions were determined by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC): albumin 60.53, globulin 54.30, glutelin 50.80, and prolamin 59.65 ℃. Hemp seed kernel meal is rich in protein and its four Osborne fractions are basically rich in essential amino acids except Trp. The most abundant non-essential amino acids contained in hemp seed kernel meal are Glu, Asp, and Arg. Hemp seed kernel meal, as judged from nutritional parameters (E/T, AAS, PER and BV), is also a protein resource of high quality.
【CateGory Index】: TS222
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