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《Food Science》 2012-07
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Comparison of Antioxidant Activity between Six Kinds of Minor Cereals and Two Kinds of Staple Food Grains

XU Yuan-yuan,GUO Xu-dan,HE Li-xia,WANG Min(College of Food Science and Engineering,Northwest A & F University,Yangling 712100,China)  
Purpose: To compare the contents and existence form of polyphenols and flavonoids as well as antioxidant activities of edible parts between minor cereals(common buckwheat,tartary buckwheat,oat,coix,millet,corn and proso millet) and staple food grains(rice and wheat),and to explore the correlations between antioxidant properties and total phenolics or flavonoid contents.Methods: Total phenolic content was measured by Folin-Ciocalteu assay,and the content of total flavonoids was investigated by NaNO2-Al(NO)3 assay.Antioxidant properties were evaluated by DPPH free radical and ABTS+.scavenging assay,reducing power and β-carotene-linoleicacid emulsion assay.Results: Thecontentoftotal phenolics revealed a decreasing order as tartary buckwheat common buckwheat at coix corn millet proso millet wheat rice.Except for millet and proso millet,the major existence form of polyphenols was free phenolics(64.18%-98.70%).Additionally,the content of total flavonoids was the highest in coix,followed by oat,and existed mostly in a free form in both of them.The DPPH free radical and ABTS+.scavenging capacity and reducing power of tartary buckwheat were higher than those of other cereals,while millet had the highest AAC value as determined by β-carotene-linoleic acid assay.In the present study,a significant correlation was observed between total phenolics and antioxidant activity.Conclusion: The antioxidant properties of minor cereals were higher than those of staple food grains,with the best antioxidant capacity in tartary buckwheat.Therefore,it can be suggested that minor cereals should be eaten more to improve the intake of dietary polyphenols,which are present in staple food grains in excessively small amounts.
【Fund】: “十二五”国家荞麦、燕麦产业技术体系建设基金项目(CARS-08);; 校国际科技合作项目启动资金项目(A213021007)
【CateGory Index】: TS210.1
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