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《Bulletin of Soil and Water Conservation》 2013-01
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Statistics and Causes of Historical Drought Disasters in Upper Reaches of Hanjiang River

REN Li-li,YIN Shu-yan,PENG Wei-ying(College of Tourism and Environment Science,Shaanxi Normal University,Xi′an,Shaanxi 710062,China)  
The historical document of drought disasters in the upper reaches of the Hanjiang River during the period from 193BC to 2000AD was collected and analyzed.The grade,frequency and causes of drought disasters in the area during the period were focused on.It was found that 431 times of drought disasters occurred in the area during the period,approximately once every 5.09 years on average.Drought disasters were mainly the moderate ones that accounted for 42.5% of the total,followed by slight ones that accounted for 35.0% of the total.The occurring frequency of extremely serious and serious ones accounted for 12.3% and 10.2% of the total,respectively.Frequency of drought disasters was characterized by obvious fluctuation and there was a rising trend in fluctuation with the historical development.The late Qing dynasty to modern had the highest frequency.As a result of climate change,precipitation,terrain factors and human factors led to drought disasters occurred in the upper reaches of the Hanjiang River.
【Fund】: 国家社会科学基金重点项目“历史时期汉江上游极端性气候水文事件及其社会影响研究”(11AZS009);; 国家自然科学基金重点项目“汉江上游(南水北调水源区)万年尺度古洪水水文学研究”(41030637);; 教育部博士点基金优先发展领域项目“黄河晋陕峡谷全新世古洪水事件及其对于全球化的响应规律研究”(20110202130002);; 中央高校基本科研业务费专项基金项目“气候变化对陕西省经济作物物候影响研究”(GK201002015)
【CateGory Index】: S423
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