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《Bulletin of Soil and Water Conservation》 2013-02
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Evaluating Surface Water Environment and Water-Mine Bundle Model in Coal Mining Areas of Northern Shaanxi Province

WANG Teng,YAN Jun-ping,LIU Xin-yan,HU Na-na,FANG Lan(College of Tourism & Environment,Shaanxi Normal University,Xi′an,Shaanxi 710062,China)  
To solve the conflict between economic development and water environment and to better protect the ecological environment of coal mining areas,we analyzed the field monitoring data regarding surface water environment and the hydrological data collected in coal mining areas of Northern Shaanxi Province.Evaluation of surface water environment safety was conducted according to the groundwater quality standard(GB3838—2002) and Nemerow Index.The results showed that most of the rivers met the Ⅴ grade of the standard,such as Kuye River,Kuye River lake,Tuwei River,Yuxi River,Zhongyingpan Reservoir,and Hongjiannao Lake.The capacity of surface water was reduced at an accelerated rate in the main mining areas after the development of coal industry.Thus,we proposed "water—mine bundle" model as a development model to solve the problem in water environment in coal mining areas.We also specified the procedures of implementation and evaluation regarding advantages and disadvantages.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目“部分重大自然灾害的时空对称性:结构、机理与适应对策”(41171090);; 教育部哲学社会科学研究重大课题攻关项目“西部经济发展与生态环境重建研究”(04JZD00010)
【CateGory Index】: X824
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