Full-Text Search:
Home|Journal Papers|About CNKI|User Service|FAQ|Contact Us|中文
《Acta Ecologica Sinica》 2002-02
Add to Favorite Get Latest Update

The Echolocation Comparison and the Differentiation of Ecology Niche of Five Species Bats Live in One Cave

FENG Jiang 1, LI Zhen-Xin 1, CHEN Min 1, ZHOU Jiang 2, ZHAO Hui-Hua 3, ZHANG Shu-Yi 3 (1.Environmental Science Department, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China; 2.Biology Department, Guizhou Normal University, Guiyang 550000,  
We captured five species of bats in one cave in Jingnan town of Xingyi district in Guizhou Province, China, these bats were great evening bat (Ia io), Large mouse-eared bat (Myotis myotis), Pratt's leaf-nosed bat (Hipposideros pratti), Little Japanese horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus cornutus) and Stoliczka's trident bat (Aselliscus wheeleri). We used the mist-net to capture these bats at the cave at 6:00 to 7:30 O'clock in the evening, then we carried these bats to the room where we used as a simple laboratory (6 m×5 m×3 m). We started recording these bats' echolocation calls when they accustomed to the situation of the laboratory. We also measured the weight, body length, forearm length, wing length and wing width of these bats at the same time. We received the bats' echolocation calls by the Ultra Sound Detector (U30, Ultra Sound Advice, UK), the signals were inputted to Ultra Sound Processor,in which the frequency of these sounds were transformed to 1/10 of the original signals frequency. Then we recorded these signals by the digital recorder (Sony, MD-1, Frequency range: 30~20 000 Hz). We analyzed the recording signals with the software (Cool Edit 2000, Syntrillium Ltd., USA) in the personal computer, the sample rate is 44 100Hz for these sound signals, the sonogram and the frequency-power graph were analyzed by this software. The bats' call duration, the interval of the bats' call, the duty-cycle (the call's duration takes up the total period of the call and its interval) and some other parameters were measured based on the analysis. We compared the echolocation characteristics of the five bats used the parameters that were put forward as before, the main results were referred in next part of the text. For the morphology compare, we measured the ratio of wing length to wing width (as a reference parameter for aspect ration, the square of wing span/wing area) and the ratio of body mass to forearm length (as a reference parameter for wing loading, the body mass/wing area). According to the echolocation and morphology comparison of the five bats, we can attain several conclusions as follow: (1) The great evening bat has lower FMF, multi-harmonics echolocation, large body, higher ratio of wing length to wing width and higher wing loading. Based on the research by other scientists, bats with narrow wing and high wing loading most were fast flyer, and their flying agility was not well. Neuweiler thought that the bats with multi-harmonics FM calls were adapted to forage in the open area between canopy or on the surface of foliage or ground. And the lower FMF was fitted to forage larger insects or prey at long distance. According to the analysis and our field observe, the great evening bat was most probably foraged larger prey on the surface by gleaning foraging or foraged larger insects in the open area between tree canopy. (2) The echolocation of large mouse-eared bat was multi-harmonics FM calls, but its FMF was higher than former, its call's duration was shorter than former. In addition, the mouse-eared bat had smaller body mass and length, relative broad wing shape and low wing loading. So it can be deduced that the mouse-eared bat adapted to fly with high agility, forage prey in near distance in more complex environment. The foraging strategy of mouse-eared bat was probably the second kind which suggested by Neuweiler, so the bat may has the gleaning foraging strategy on the surface of foliage or ground. The research results conducted by Arlettaz in field about the mouse-eared bat supported that the mouse-eared bat mainly preyed insects on the surface of forest ground or mellow ground. The results were matched with our analysis in this work. (3) The Pratt's leaf-nosed bat had short CF-FM, multi-harmonics echolocation; its FMF was relative high to its big body mass. And it had narrow wing shape, high wing loading, so it might fly in high speed, lower flying agility. CF signal was apt to detect wing-beating insect, and the multi-harmonics could afford the fine structure of prey and the detail information of the hab
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目 ( 30 0 70 1 0 8) ;; 国家杰出青年科学基金资助项目 ( 30 0 2 5 0 0 7)
【CateGory Index】: Q959.833
Download(CAJ format) Download(PDF format)
CAJViewer7.0 supports all the CNKI file formats; AdobeReader only supports the PDF format.
【References】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 4 Hits
1 WANG Yanni~(1aZHOU Caiquan~(1*)ZHANG Jun~(1aZHOU Youbing~(1aHU Jinchu~(1*)XIONG Yaowu~(2a(1 Institute of Rare Animal and Plants, China West Normal University, Nanchong, 637002) (2 Tangjiahe Natural Reserve, Qingchuan, 628109);Spatial Niche of the Rodents in Summer in Tangjiahe Nature Reserve[J];Acta Theriologica Sinica;2005-01
2 WANG Yu~(1, 2,3) HU Jinchu~3 CHEN Limin~4 ZHANG Hanfeng~2 HU Zhongjun~1 XU Ling~1 XU Hongfa~1 (1 School of Life Sciences, East China Normal University,Shanghai, 200062,China) (2 Department of Life Science and Chemistry, Neijiang Teachers College, Neijiang, 641112,China) (3 Department of Biology, China West Normal University, Nanchong, 641002,China) (4 Tangjiahe Nature Reserve,Qingchuan, 628100,China);Preliminary Study on Spatial Niches of Small Mammals in Tangjiahe Nature Reserve[J];Acta Theriologica Sinica;2005-04
3 FENG Jiang1, LI ZhenXin1, CHEN Min1, LIU Ying1, ZHANG XiChen1, ZHOU Jiang2, ZHANG ShuYi3 (1. Department of Environmental Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun130024, China; 2. Department of Biological Sciences, Guizhou Normal University, Guiyang550000, China; 3. Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing100080, China).;Morphological features, echolocation calls and foraging strategy in the trawling piscivorous bat: Rickett's big-footed bat Myotis ricketti[J];Acta Ecologica Sinica;2003-09
4 WANG Wan-ying, TAI Fa-dao (College of Life Science, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710062, Shaanxi, China);Recent researches on Bats' auditory system and echolocation in China[J];Journal of Shaanxi Normal University(Natural Science Edition);2006-S1
【Co-citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 6 Hits
1 FENG Jiang LI Zhenxin CHEN Min (Environmental Science Department, Northeast Normal University,Changchun,130024) ZHAO Huihua ZHANG Shuyi (Institute of Zoology, The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing,100080) ZHOU Jiang XIE Jiahua (Biology Depart;COMPARISON OF THE ECHOLOCATION BEHAVIOUR OF TWO SPECIES OF MYOTIS BATS (MYOTIS)[J];Acta Theriologica Sinica;2001-04
2 LIU Ying~1FENG Jiang~(1*)CHEN Min~1ZHANG Xichen~1LI Zhenxin~1ZHOU Jiang~2ZHANG Shuyi~3(1 Department of Environmental Sciences,Northeast Normal University,Changchun,130024)(2 Department of Biology,Guizhou Normal University,Guiyang,550000)(3 Institute of Zoology,the Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing,100080);Difference among Echolocation Calls of Miniopterus schreibersii parvipes during Different States[J];Acta Theriologica Sinica;2004-04
3 SUN Keping~1,FENG Jiang~1,JIN Longru~(2,3),LIU Ying~1,WU Lei~1,LI Zhenxin~1 ( ~1Department of Environmental Science and Engineering,Northeast Normal University,Changchun 130024,China; ~2Institute of Applied Ecology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Shenyang 110015,China; ~3Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100039,China).;Echolocation calls of Rhinolophus ferrumequinum at its different states[J];Chinese Journal of Ecology;2006-08
4 WANG Wan-ying, TAI Fa-dao (College of Life Science, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710062, Shaanxi, China);Recent researches on Bats' auditory system and echolocation in China[J];Journal of Shaanxi Normal University(Natural Science Edition);2006-S1
5 YE Jianping1,2,ZHOU Shanyi1,TAN Min1,2,HONG Tiyu1,2,ZHU Guangjian2,ZHANG Libiao2(1 College of Life Science,Guangxi Normal University,Guilin 541004,China)(2 Guangdong Entomological Institute,Guangzhou 510260,China);The wing shape and echolocation calls of Ricketti's big-footed bat(Myotis ricketti)[J];Acta Theriologica Sinica;2009-04
6 CHEN Min 1,FENG Jiang 1,LI Zhenxin 1,ZHOU Jiang 2,ZHAO Huihua 3,ZHANG Shuyi 3,SHENG Lianxi 1( 1 Environmental Science Department,Northeast Normal University,Changchun 130024; 2 Biology Department,Guizhou Normal University,Guiyang 550000; 3 Institute of Zoology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100080).;Echolocation sound waves,morphological features and foraging strategies in Hipposideros pratti.[J];Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology;2002-12
【Co-references】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 LI Yong, GAO Xiaorong, GUO Aiwen(Department of Electrical Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China);Time-frequency analysis of heart sounds based on continuous wavelet transform[J];Journal of Tsinghua University(Science and Technology);2001-03
2 Sun Xida Jiang Puzhu (Department of Biology,Hangzhou Normal College);A NEW SPECIES 0F LONGITREMA PARASITIZING IN BAT(TREMATODA:LECITHODENDRIIDAE)[J];Sichuan Journal of Zoology;1991-04
3 LUO Jian, GAO Hong-ying (Chongqing Qinghua High School, Chongqing 400054);INVESTIGATION ON BAT IN CHONGQING[J];Sichuan Journal of Zoology;2002-01
4 WANG Xiao-qin, QI Dun-wu, HU Jin-chu (Institute of Rare Animals and Plants, China West Normal University, Nanchong,Sichuan Province 637002);Recent Researches on Chiroptera in China[J];Sichuan Journal of Zoology;2004-02
5 TANG Zhan-hui 1, 2,SHENG Lian-xi1,MA Xun-feng1,ZHANG Shu-yi2(1. Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, North East Normal University, Changchun 130024; 2.Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences);Mating System and Strategy of Reproduction in Fruit Bats[J];Sichuan Journal of Zoology;2005-02
6 SHI Hong-yan~1,LIU Hao~1,WU Yi~2,LIU Zhi-gang~3 (1.The North-west Sichuan Educational Center of Giant Panda Protection,Mianyang Normal University,Mianyang,Sichuan Province 621000;2. Biology Department,Guangzhou University;3.Jiangyou Experimental High School);Species Diversity and Threatened Status of Cave-dwelling Bats in Mianyang,Sichuan[J];Sichuan Journal of Zoology;2006-01
7 ZHANG Cheng-ju, WU Yi*(Life Science College of Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006);Analysis of Guangzhou Citizen's Cognition and Eating Condition of Bats and Birds[J];Sichuan Journal of Zoology;2007-01
8 Liu Dasheng et al (Shandong Academy of Environmental Protection Science, Jinan);THE SPATIAL NICHE OF ORTHOPTERAN COMMUNITY IN JINAN[J];SHANDONG SCIENCE;1997-04
9 Zhan Yongjia Chen Wei Gao Wu(College of Life Seience,Capital Normal University,Beijing 100037);The Status and Conservation Suggestions of Beijing Chiropteran[J];Journal of Capital Normal University;2005-04
10 XIANG Ming liang,MU Mei yun,CHI Fang lu (Department of ENT,EENT Hospital,Fudan University,Shanghai 200031);Transmission Electron Microscope Observation on Nerve Fibre of Chicken after Kanamycin Treatment[J];Journal of Shanghai Medica(University);2001-01
【Secondary References】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 7 Hits
1 XU Wei-xia~1,ZHOU Zhao-min~1,ZHANG Jing-qi~1,WU Yi~2,LI Yu-chun~3,HU Jin-chu~1(1.Institute of Rare Animals and Plants,China West Normal University,Nanchong,Sichuan Province 637002;2.Institute of Biodiversity in South China,Guangzhou University;3.Department of Biology,Hainan Normal University);Study on Geographical Variations of Skull Morphology of Rhinolophus sinicus[J];Sichuan Journal of Zoology;2005-04
2 WANG Wan-ying, TAI Fa-dao (College of Life Science, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710062, Shaanxi, China);Recent researches on Bats' auditory system and echolocation in China[J];Journal of Shaanxi Normal University(Natural Science Edition);2006-S1
3 YE Jianping1,2,ZHOU Shanyi1,TAN Min1,2,HONG Tiyu1,2,ZHU Guangjian2,ZHANG Libiao2(1 College of Life Science,Guangxi Normal University,Guilin 541004,China)(2 Guangdong Entomological Institute,Guangzhou 510260,China);The wing shape and echolocation calls of Ricketti's big-footed bat(Myotis ricketti)[J];Acta Theriologica Sinica;2009-04
4 JIANG Wanxiang1,2,FU Xiaocheng1,TANG Tao1&CAI Qinghua1 (1State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology,Institute of Hydrobiology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Wuhan 430072,China) (2Department of Life Sciences,Zaozhuang University,Zaozhuang 277160,Shandong,China);Community Structure and Niche of Macroinvertebrates in the Xiangxi River in Hubei,China[J];Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology;2009-03
5 HUANG You-you~a,LIU Shou-jiang~b,ZHANG He~a,XU Xiao~a (a.Key Laboratory of Environmental and Biodiversity Conservation;b.Land and Resources College,China West Normal University,Nanchong 637002,Sichuan,China);Spatial Pattern Analysis of the Vegetation Landscape In Tangjiahe Nature Reserve[J];Journal of Central South University of Forestry & Technology;2008-01
6 YAN Rong-ling, LIAO Yang (School of Life Science, Huazhong Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China);Correlation between the Echolocation Call Frequency and Morphological Features in Echolocation Bats[J];Huazhong Normal University Journal of Postgraduates;2008-03
7 ZHANG Shao-qiang 1,LI Sheng-li2,3,LIU Si-wei1,ZHAO Qian1,WANG Lin-gu1,YAN Li-ying 1,LI Sui-qin 1,ZHU Hong-liang 3 1 Department of Otolaryngology ,The First Affiliated Hospital,Medicine School of Xi'an Jiaotong University,Xi'an 710061,China 2 Department of Otolaryngology,The Second Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University,Xi'an 710004,China 3 Department of Hearing Research,Center of Neuroscience of Xi'an Jiaotong University,Xi'an 710061,China;The relationships between ABR audiogram,cochlear morphology and physical parameters in four species of Hipposiderid bats[J];Chinese Journal of Otology;2009-03
©2006 Tsinghua Tongfang Knowledge Network Technology Co., Ltd.(Beijing)(TTKN) All rights reserved