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《Acta Ecologica Sinica》 2003-05
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Research on progress of rainwater harvesting agriculture on the Loess Plateau of China

XIAO Guo-Ju 1,2, WANG Jing 1* (1.State Key Laboratory of Arid Agriecology, Lanzhou 730000,China; 2.Bioengineering Institute of Ningxia University, Yingchuan 750021, China).  
The Loess Plateau of China is a central zone of Chinese rainfed farming. Over a long period of time, traditional technologies of dryland agriculture have improved rainwater utilization and played a positive role for development of dryland agriculture in this area. But, problems of agriculture production are still going on, such as low productivity, instable agro-ecosystem, low of yield-investment ratio. In 1980s, specialists who are engaged in arid ecology, arid meteorology and dryland agriculture found the limitations of traditional dryland farming. The theory of rainwater harvesting agriculture was raised. In recent twenty years, with the experiment and demonstration and popularization of rainwater harvesting agriculture, they have made a great progress and gave impetus to dryland agricultural production on the Loess Plateau of China. Combined micro-rainwater harvesting technologies with modern dryland agriculture technologies, rainwater harvesting agriculture has been developed into a new and effective technological system of dryland agriculture with distinct Chinese characteristics. All about research of rainwater harvesting agriculture has been involved in this article. The theoretical foundation includes rainwater distribution in time and space, limitation of modern dryland agriculture, multiple development of agriculture, forestry and animal husbandry and construction of eco-environment. Further, the rainwater harvesting agriculture developed the theory of modern dryland agriculture and established direction of modern dryland agriculture. Moreover, this paper summarized the technological systems of rainwater harvesting agriculture, which are consisted of engineering of rainwater harvesting, water saving irrigation, and physiological and ecological techniques of limited irrigation. In this case, modern dryland agriculture on the Loess Plateau of China would establish a new development model of rainwater harvesting agriculture that would be an objective demand to agricultural sustainable development. Following research method improvement, research content deepen, research field expansion of rainwater harvesting agriculture, the research of it would take aim to generalized direction. On the basis of study of rainwater harvesting agriculture of the Loess Plateau of China, technological integration were reinforced, including limited irritation, non-full irrigation, precise irrigation, micro-rainwater harvesting technologies of dry farmland, network technologies of modern rainwater harvesting, and control technologies of computing system. So, harvesting rainwater use has been improved greatly. Research field of rainwater harvesting agriculture always has been expanded from agricultural ecosystem under micro-irrigation to ecological protection. Rainwater harvesting eco-agriculture should be the development trend of rainwater harvesting agriculture, in which harvesting rainwater would be rationally used, ecological water use of would be adjusted, small valley would be overall controlled, multiple development of agriculture and forestry harness and animal husbandry would be carried out.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展规划资助项目 (G2 0 0 0 1 860 3 )~~
【CateGory Index】: S273
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