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《Acta Ecologica Sinica》 2003-11
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Spatial and temporal variations of some hydrological factors in a climax forest ecosystem in the Dinghushan region

YAN Jun Hua, ZHOU Guo Yi, ZHANG De Qiang, WANG Xu (South China Institute of Botany, Academia Sinica, Guangzhou 510650, China)  
Although most parts of landscape are arid or desert in the subtropics in the world, the subtropic region of South China is an exception, where monsoon evergreen broad leaf forest, the climax forest ecosystem in the region is conserved. Using field measurements from 1993 to 1999, we analyzed the spatial and temporal variations of some hydrological factors in this climax forest ecosystem. Main results are: (1) the average annual precipitation is 1910 mm, of which 80% is from wet seasons and 20% from dry seasons. The mean monthly precipitation is highest in June and lowest in January; (2) About 31 8% of rainfall is intercepted. Interception during wet season accounts for 66 7% of annual total. Canopy interception is highest in July and lowest in January. The rate of interception decreases within an increase in the amount of rainfall intercepted in the canopy; (3) the annual runoff is 953 0 mm with a coefficient of variation of 49 9%. The amount of annual surface runoff is 252 3 mm with a coefficient of variation of is 13 2%. Variation of annual surface runoff is more closely related to that of annual precipitation than rainfall intensity. (4) Average annual evapotranspiration in the monsoon evergreen broad leaf forest is 948 2 mm, which amounts to 49 7% of annual precipitation. Annual potential evapotranspiration is 1031 4 mm, and is similar to the amount of actual evapotranspiration. Temporal variation of monthly evapotranspiration lags behind that of monthly precipitation;(5) Monthly change in water storage in the ecosystem is significant. The amount of water stored in the catchment increases between February to August, and decreases during remaining months of a year. The increase in water storage of the catchment is highest in April, and the decrease in water storage is highest in October. (6) The mean annual water input to the catchment is 2129 9 mm, of which 1910 mm is from annual precipitation, and 219 9 mm from a change in the water storage. The mean annual total input of water is approximately equal to its output. The mean outputs are 1901 3 mm through runoff and evaportranspiration, and 228 6 mm from the change of water storage.
【Fund】: 广东省自然科学重点基金项目 ( 0 1 0 5 67);; 国家基础研究快速反应资助项目 ( 2 0 0 1 CCB0 0 60 0 );; 中国科学院海外青年合作基金资助项目~~
【CateGory Index】: S715
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