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《Acta Ecologica Sinica》 2004-09
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Seeking relationship between vegetation and Picea pollen in surface soils of Xinjiang, northwestern China

YAN Shun~1, KONG Zhao-Chen~2, YANG Zhen-Jing~(2,3),ZHANG Yun~2, NI Jian~2 (1. Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi 830011, China; 2. Laboratory of Quantitative Vegetation Ecology, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093, China; 3. Institute of Hydrologic and Environmental Geology, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Zhengding 050803, China).  
pollen records from surface soils of the Tianshan Mountains, the Altay Mountains, the Kunlun Mountains, the Tarim Basin and the Jungger Basin in Xinjiang Autonomous Region, northwestern China, were collected from 1986 to 2001. Based on the statistic analysis of content of Picea pollen in these pollen records, we evaluated the major factors such as the distance away from spruce forest, elevation, air current and water course, that influence the content of Picea pollen in surface soils. Relationship between vegetation and Picea pollen was then quantified, and some characteristics of transport of Picea pollen in this region was revealed. Results show that, (1) Picea pollen appears in the surface soils of all the vegetation zones in Xinjiang. This indicated that Picea pollen disperses extensively and transports widely. (2) Distance is the most important factor that affects the content of Picea pollen in surface soils in this region. Beyond 10 km away from the spruce forest stand, the content of Picea pollen is less than 5%. From 5 to 10 km away from the forest stand, the content of Picea pollen increases with a range of fluctuation. From 1 to 5km away from the forest stand, the content increases significantly and reaches more than 10%. (3) Due to the differences in diversity of other plant species, the minimum content of Picea pollen is relatively high, with an average from 50%~60%, but the amplitude of such variation is also large. It's known that Picea forest occurs if the content of Picea pollen exceeds 30% in Xinjiang region. (4) In desert and desert-steppe, the content of Picea pollen is below 5% and 6%, respectively. (5) The influences of rivers and streams on the content are mainly revealed by pollen characteristics in river valley forest and lowland meadow, where the content of Picea pollen is changeable. The Picea pollen content is relatively higher than that in desert and desert-steppe with the similar distance away from the spruce forest as the river valley forest and lowland meadow. (6) The influence of air current on the content is mainly reflected from pollen characteristics in the vegetation above the forest line, such as subalpine and alpine meadow, alpine cushion vegetation and “rocky shoal” vegetation. In these vegetation zones, the content of Picea pollen in surface soils is significantly higher than that in steppe below the lower limit of spruce forest but with the similar distance away from the forest. (7) In the surface soils of desert, the percentage of Picea pollen, which is almost not influenced by the concentration of Picea pollen, cannot represent the “real” pollen diagram. More caution is needed in the procedure of palaeovegetation reconstructions and environmental explanations based on pollen diagrams from such region.
【Fund】: 中国科学院创新重大基金资助项目 ( KZCX1-10 -0 5 ) ;; 国家自然科学基金重点资助项目 ( NSFC90 10 2 0 0 9) ;; 国家“973”课题资助项目( G19990 43 5 0 2 ) ;; 中国博士后科学基金资助项目 ( 2 0 0 3 0 3 3 2 5 3 )~~
【CateGory Index】: S718
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