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《Acta Ecologica Sinica》 2004-12
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Ecosystem diversity and economic valuation of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau

LU Chun-Xia~1, XIE Gao-Di~1, XIAO Yu~1, YU Yun-Jiang~2 (1.Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing, 100101;2.College of Resources Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, 100875,China)  
There is a high biodiversity of ecosystem types in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, which provide not only a various of ecological function but also many ecological services. This paper estimated the monetary value of ecosystem diversity and their. The results show that economic output is some 170×10~8 yuan(RMB). Compared with this figure the carbon dioxide fixation and oxygen release for atmosphere regulation are about 15.39×10~8 t·a~(-1) and 11.18×10~8t a~(-1) respectively and their economic value exceed 10015×10~8 yuan (RMB). The ecosystems especially alpine grassland system plays an important role for water holding. Annual water holding reached to 2600×10~8 m~3 and its economic value was equal to 1750×10~8 yuan (RMB). Air purification services of forest was about 255×10~8 yuan (RMB). The ratio of product economic value to ecological services value is 1∶70. The data proves that the economic value of ecological services is much higher than direct use value and therefore, the protection of ecosystem diversity will be the base for maintaining life-supporting system of Tibetan Plateau.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学重点基金资助项目 ( 3 0 2 3 0 0 90 )~~
【CateGory Index】: Q14
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