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《Acta Ecologica Sinica》 2005-08
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The assessment of the forest ecosystem services evaluation in China

YU Xin-Xiao~1, LU Shao-Wei~(1*), JIN Fang~2, CHEN Li-Hua~1, RAO Liang-Yi~1, LU Gui-Qiao~3 (1.Key Laboratory of Soil and Water Conservation and Desertification Combating, Ministry of Education, Beijing 100083,China;2. Department of Science and Technology, State Forestry Administration, Beijing 100714, China; 3. Agricultural University Hebei, Baoding 071000, China).  
Forest, as the main body of land ecosystem, plays an important role in global ecosystem. The research on forest ecosystem services evaluation has been the focus of discussion. According to the fifth national investigation of forest resource(1994~1998) and the estimation method given by Costanza et al , the research has estimated that the total value of the eight forest ecosystem services in China is 30601.20×10~8 yuan/a, the indirect economic value is as 14.94 times as the direct economic value, and all kinds of forest ecosystems of unit acreage provides the average value of 23095.25yuan/(hm~2·a). The tropic provides the biggest value of 32417.45yuan/(hm~2·a) and the desert of temperate zone provides the smallest value of 12507.90yuan/(hm~2·a) in water storage, C fixation and O_2 release, nutrients cycle, air quality purifying and erosion control of forests. Among contribution of value of all ecosystem services, the order of value is below: C fixation and O_2 releaseair quality purifyingerosion controlwater storagenutrients cycletimber and other productsprovisioning of habitrecreation and eco-tourism. The aim of research is that the factors of natural resources and environment will be taken up by the business accounting system of national economy quickly, which provides the basis for realizing the green GDP in the end and provides the scientific basis for the policy of sustainable development and the protection of environment.
【Fund】: 国家重大基础研究前期专项资助项目(2003CCB00500)~~
【CateGory Index】: S718.557
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