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《Acta Ecologica Sinica》 2008-09
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A review on the effects of global environment change on litter decomposition

SONG Xin-Zhang1,JIANG Hong1,2,ZHANG Hui-Ling1,YU Shu-Quan1,ZHOU Guo-Mo1,MA Yuan-Dan2,Scott X.Chang31 International Research Center of Spatial Ecology and Ecosystem Ecology,Zhejiang Forestry Univercity,Lin′an 311300,China2 International Institute for Earth System Science,Nanjing Univercity,Nanjing 210093,China3 Department of Renewable Resources,University of Alberta,Edmonton,Alberta,Canada T6G 2E3  
The global environment change would affect litter decomposition and nutrient cycling directly and indirectly in forest ecosystem.The effects of global warming,elevated CO2,increased UV-B radiation and N deposition on litter decomposition was reviewed in this paper based on literatures.In general,the litter substrate quality,biotic factors such as microbe and animal,and abiotic factors including temperature,moisture and soil condition were the main factors affecting decomposition rate.Global warming made both positive and negative effects on abiotic factors.Although global warming slightly influenced the litter chemistry,however,it indirectly changed litter production,chemistry composing and decay through alter vegetation component.A temperature variable(annual mean temperature,effective temperature sum or its logarithm) combined with a summer drought indictor explained the first-year mass loss of the Scots pine needle litter across Europe and North America with a higher R2 value than actual evapotranspiration.Global warming also enhanced soil microbe activity and thereby accelerated decomposition.Elevated CO2 would increase litter production and affect decomposition by altering litter quality(e.g.improving C∶N and Lignin∶N ratio) and biotic environment such as microbe quantity and activity.Increased UV-B radiation and N deposition also affected decomposition,but the results were uncertainty as the absent of data.In addition,global environment change would obviously affect the C cycling through changing litter decomposition.Therefore,it is necessary to enhance the further research of global environment change and response of litter decomposition and the reciprocity of various factors due to the complex relationship.
【Fund】: 国家科技部973资助项目(2002CB111504 2002CB410811 2005CB422208);; 国家自然科学基金资助项目(40671132);; 国家科技部数据共享平台建设资助项目(2006DKA32300-08);; 浙江林学院科学发展基金资助项目;; 浙江省森林培育重中之重学科开放基金资助项目(200608)~~
【CateGory Index】: S714
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