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《Acta Ecologica Sinica》 2008-10
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Adaptation of leaf anatomical characteristics of eleven understory species to different environments in coniferous plantations

HE Dong-Mei1,2,LIU Qing1,LIN Bo1,JIANG Xian-Min31 Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China2 Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China3 West Sichuan Forestry Bureau of Aba Tibetan and the Qiang People Autonomous Prefecture, Aba Prefecture 623102, China  
The differences in light conditions between forest gaps and underneath close canopy in plantation forests, can be an important factor affecting leaf morphological and anatomical characteristics of understory species. In this paper, the leaf anatomical, stomatic and morphological characteristics of eleven understory species grown in two different environments (forest gaps and underneath close canopy) were studied and compared in a 60a of spruce plantation in Miyaluo located in western Sichuan, China. The results showed that eleven species in forest gaps had significantly higher dry weight per leaf area than those under close canopy, and most broad-leaved plants in gaps increased leaf thickness, palisade parenchyma thickness, the palisade parenchyma cell layers and the ratio of palisade to spongy parenchyma (PT/ST). No significant difference in thickness of leaf epidermal cell and spongy parenchyma of most species were observed between two environments. The palisade parenchyma cells of the broad-leaved species in gaps were significantly longer than those grown under the canopy. All studied species appeared a similar trend of reduction in the stomatal density under close canopy, with various degrees of statistical significance. The stomatal length of all species except Aster ageratoides Turcz were not evidently changed by the contrasted environments in our study, mainly because leaf stomatal characteristics were related with many factors in natural environment. Our results suggested that species in same community had convergent evolution on adaptation to light condition. The average leaf plasticity indexes were accordant with their light-requirement approximately, and the photosynthetic parenchyma was greater than non-photosynthetic parenchyma in same leaves.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金重点资助项目(30530630);; 中国科学院西部行动计划重大资助项目(KZCX2-XB2-02);; 中国科学院成都生物研究所领域前沿资助项目(CIB-2007-LYQY-Q03);; 中国科学院“西部之光”人才计划资助项目(06C2021100)~~
【CateGory Index】: S718
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