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Fu Bojie(Research Centre for Eco-Environmental Science,Chinese Academy of Sciences ,Beijing ,China, 100085)  
andscape diversity,composed of type diversity ,pattern diversity and patch diversity , isan important biodiversity research field. It measures the complexity of landscape structure,function and changes. Landscape diversity can be measured by diversity index , dominance,relative richness and a modified fractal dimension, It can be applied in both a nonspatial(sta-tistical)or a spatial sense. Landscape diversity indicates the number of landscape classes thatare in proximity to each point in a digital grid cell map. The index is D_i=(i-1)/(m-1)×100%,where:i is the numner of land use classes within a selected distance of each grid cell,and m is the total number of mapped classes. Quanjiagou catchment in China's loess plateauis selected as the study area. The landscape diversity is mapped by geographical informationsystem(GIS). The index is illustrated by calculating the diversity at each grid cell for each ofthe ten mapped classes and displaying the diversity map that protrays the complexity oflandscap in the study area. This method can be used within a GIS framework to identify thelandscape diversity which can be related to land use and landscape planning ,wildlife habitatprotection and biodiversity conservation.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金 国家教委和中国科学院回国人员择优基金
【CateGory Index】: Q149
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