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《ACTA ECOLOGICA SINICA》 1996-01
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RESEARCH ON ALLELOPATHY OF AMBROSIA ARTEMISIIFOLIA

Wang Dali; Zhu Xinru(Research ceater for Eec-Environmental Science, Academia Sinica, Beijing, China, 100085)  
Ambrosia artemisiifolia is a wide spread weed of composite in Northeast China. This paper studied the allelopathic effect of A. artemisiifolia, so as to elucidate it's spreading mecha nism and to find some ways to control it. After a series of experiments, we found some inter esting results: 1. Volatile of this weed has some inhibit effects on seeds germination of soybean and maize, the length of maize root treaed by volatile was shorter than that by control. 2. The water extract of the upper-ground part shows significant inhibitory effects on the seed germi nation and primary growth of crops(soybean, maize, wheat and rice)and produces changes in root morpha. The most sensitive species are soybean and wheat. 3.. The water extract of the under ground part has no effect on seed germination, but has a different effect on the primary growth of crops. The extract can retard 23% of the root elongation of wheat, while it stimulates 21% of bud growth. 4. Soil has no allelopathic effects on germination and growth of plants. 5. The GC and GC/MS analysis of water extract from A. artemisiifolia shows that αpinent, β-pinene, cineole, camphene, spanthueol and some others are the potential allelochem icals.As a result 9 we found A. artemisiifolia has some allelopathic effects which may be a possi ble reason for it to wide spread in the northeastern China.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金 大型仪器测试基金
【CateGory Index】: S451
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