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《ACTA ECOLOGICA SINICA》 1996-02
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ARSENIC IN SOIL SOLUTION AND ITS EFFECT ON THE GROWTH OF RICE(ORYZA SATIVA L.)

Chen Tongbin(Institute of Geography,Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China, 100101)  
Chemical behaviours of arsenate and arsenite in original (undisturbed) soil solutionand their phytotoxicity to rice (Oryza sativa L. ) were investigated in a pot experiment. Meanwhile, a laboratory study on equilibrium adsorption of As was conducted to explain the resultsfrom the pot experiment. It was found that critical Eh, i. e., Eh0, of redox in As (Ⅱ) As (Ⅴ) system was between 100 mV and 200 mV in the paddy soil studied. Concentration oftotal as and the added As species, As (Ⅲ) or As (Ⅴ), in the soil solution of the pot experiment decreased as the equilibrium time of the As species added into soil went on. Studies on effects of PH on As adsorption indicated that the mechanism of higher phytotoxicity of As to ricewhen soil PH increased was due to more As dissolution in soil solution.
【Fund】: 国家博士后科学基金
【CateGory Index】: S511.101
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