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Chen Liding;Fu Bojie(Research Center for Eco -Environmental Sciences, the Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing, China, 100085)  
Landscape ecology deals mainly with the spatial pattern, interaction, function and dynamic change of landscape which is composed of various ecosystems. Studies on the impact of human activity on landscape pattern, biological habitat and resource distribution have been a very important field of landscape ecology. In this paper, Dongying region in Yellow river Delta was selected for case study. Four indices such as landscape diversity,landscape dominance, landscape fragmentation and landscape isolation were chosen to analyze quantitatively the rela- tionship between human activity and landscape structure. The landscape diversity in this area decreased with the increase of human activity while the landscape dominance was in a direct proportion to human activity. In this region, the landscape was becoming more fragmented with the strengthening of human activity. There was an inverse relationship between the land- scape isolation and human activity for those man-made landscape types,such as landscape type 1(farmland),landscape 5 (residential site),but for those natural or remained landscape types such as the landscape type 3(forest land),landscape type 4(grassland),landscape type 7(wet land ) and landscape type 8(unclaimed land),there was a direct relationship between the land- scape isolation and human activity. It was such concluded that the human activity has a strong impact on the landscape structure.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金 中国科学院院长基金
【CateGory Index】: Q988
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