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《Chinese Journal of Ecology》 2012-01
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Effects of soil moisture on leaf gas exchange and chlorophyll fluorescence parameters of winter wheat during its late growth stage

LI Yong-xiu1,2,SHEN Shuang-he1,2**,LI Li2,WANG Xiu-min2,ZHANG Fu-cun1,2,HAN Xiao-mei1,2(1Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Agricultural Meteorology,Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology,Nanjing 210044,China;2College of Applied Meteorology,Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology,Nanjing 210044,China)  
A plot experiment with rainproof installation was conducted to study the effects of different soil moisture regimes on the leaf gas exchange and chlorophyll fluorescence parameters of winter wheat during its late growth stage.Five treatments were installed,i.e.,natural soil moisture regime(CK),soil water supply coefficient(Kw) of 0.8,0.6,0.4 and 0.2,respectively.The leaf chlorophyll content in Kw=0.6 was close to that in Kw=0.8,and significantly higher than that in other treatments(p0.05).In Kw=0.6,the leaf stomatal conductance and transpiration rate were mildly inhibited,while the photosynthetic rate was higher than that in Kw=0.8.In Kw=0.2,the photosynthetic rate,stomatal conductance,and transpiration rate were the lowest.The stomatal limitation was the highest in Kw=0.4,followed by in Kw=0.2,and smallest in Kw=0.8.Treatment of Kw=0.4 had the highest apparent quantum efficiency.Overall,the light compensation point decreased with decreasing soil moisture content,but the light saturation point and the maximum photosynthetic rate were the highest in Kw=0.6,followed by in Kw=0.8,and lowest in Kw=0.2.The antenna transfer efficiency(Fv'/Fm'),electron transfer rate(ETR),actual quantum efficiency of PSII(ФPSII),and photochemical quenching(qP) were the highest in Kw=0.6,followed by in Kw=0.8,and lowest in Kw=0.2.It was inferred that in Kw=0.2,the photosynthetic rate of winter wheat was mainly limited by non-stomatal limitation factors,whereas in Kw=0.4,the photosynthetic rate was mainly controlled by stomatal limitation factors.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展计划项目(2010CB950702);; 公益性行业(气象)科研专项(GYHY201106043)资助
【CateGory Index】: S512.11
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