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《Chinese Journal of Ecology》 2012-03
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Characteristics of soil particle size distribution and fractal dimension in a channel island in lower reach of Yangtze River

YU Jian1,2,3, LIAO Yuan-yuan1, ZHANG Ping-jiu1, GAO Chao2 (1College of Territorial Resources and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241003, Anhui, China; 2Key Laboratory of Natural Disaster Process and Prevention Research of Anhui Province, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241003, Anhui, China; 3College of Environmental Science and Spatial Informatics, China University of Ming and Technology, Xuzhou 221116, Jiangsu, China)  
This paper studied the soil particle composition and fractal dimension in different zones (head, central, and end) of a channel island in the lower reach of Yangtze River. Overall, the soil texture in the island is sandy, mainly composed of silt, very fine sand, and silver sand, and with the maximum particle diameter being 350 μm. The percentages of the three types of soil particles in soil profiles had smaller changes in the central zone but greater changes in the head and end zones, with the particles of greater sizes increased with soil depth. The average percentage of silt particle in the three zones was in the order of the central the head the end, being 75.42%, 43.58%, and 22.13%, respectively. The soil particle fractal dimension was also in the order of the central the head the end, being 2.28, 2.17, and 2.05, respectively, smaller than the mean soil particle fractal dimension of the arable soils in Anhui Province. The soil particle fractal dimensions in the three zones were significantly positively correlated with the specific surface area per unit volume and the clay and silt contents, but significantly negatively correlated with the very fine sand and silver sand contents. The characteristics of soil particle size distribution in different zones of the channel island indicated the evolution of the channel island.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(41101529 41001369);; 湖泊与环境国家重点实验室开放课题(2010SKL015);; 安徽师范大学自然地理重点学科建设扶持基金项目(Asdgl102)、安徽师范大学科研培育基金项目(2010xmpy015);; 安徽自然灾害过程与防控研究省级重点实验室资助
【CateGory Index】: S152
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