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《Chinese Journal of Ecology》 2013-04
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Characteristics of heavy metal pollution in dust and soil of Tianjin City, North China

WU Zhan-lei1, ZHOU Jun2, HU Bei-bei1**, WANG Zhong-liang1, WANG Zu-wei1, MENG Wei-qing1 (1 College of Urban and Environmental Science, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387, China; 2 Tianjin Land Subsidence Control Office, Tianjin 300061, China).  
Dust and soil samples were taken from 41 parks in inner-city of Tianjin and 10 parks in Tianjin Binhai New Area to study the physicochemical properties and contents of heavy metals in the samples, with the special distribution patterns and possible sources of the heavy metals analyzed. In the parks, the particle sizes of dusts and soils presented bi- or multi-modal distribution, the organic matter content in the dusts and soils was averagely 49.10 and 27.15 g·kg-1, and the Cu, Pb, Cr, Cd, and Ni contents in the dusts and soils were averagely 113.88, 76.81, 141.53, 1.30, and 114.70 mg·kg-1, and 41.68, 30.76, 96.43, 1.01, and 34.03 mg·kg-1, respectively, being much higher than the background values in Tianjin. The Heping District, northeastern part of Nankai District, and Hexi District were less polluted by the heavy metals. Pearson correlation analysis and principal component analysis indicated that organic matter was the main carrier of Cd, while traffic flux and industrial activities were the main pollution sources of Cr, Ni, Cu, and Pb.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(40973078);; 国家重点基础研究计划前期研究专项(2010CB434806);; 教育部新世纪人才计划项目(NCET-10-0954);; 天津市自然科学基金重点项目(11JCZDJC24500 10SYSYJC27400);; 中国分布式科研总站开放基金项目(2012002)资助
【CateGory Index】: X831
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