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《Chinese Journal of Ecology》 2015-07
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Comparison of the drainage effects on ecological characteristics in Sanjiang Plain and Zoige Plateau

ZHANG Xiao-dong;KANG Xiao-ming;LI Chun-yi;CUI Li-juan;WANG Xiao-wen;Beijing Key Laboratory of Wetland Services and Restoration,Institute of Wetland Research,Chinese Academy of Forestry;  
As one of the important wetland ecosystem types,marshes contain rich biological and peat resources. In China,marshes have been transferred into farmland,woodland or pastures after draining since the 1960 s,experiencing a dramatic shrink due to the development of agriculture,forestry,and livestock. Drainage became one of the main factors leading to the marsh degradation. This paper compared the changes of ecological characteristics,including the landscape,plant communities and soil characteristics after drainage in Sanjiang Plain and Zoige Plateau,the two largest marshes in China. The marshes in both Sanjiang Plain and Zoige Plateau shrunk after drainage. The plant communities showed a succession sequence from hydrophyte to mesophyte.The decomposition of soil organic matter was accelerated,leading to the decline of soil carbon,nitrogen,and other nutrients. The decline of water table was the main factor driving the change of ecological characteristics. Due to different land uses after drainage,Sanjiang Plain and Zoige Plateau showed different patterns of landscape fragmentation,as well as the change of soil nutrients.
【Fund】: 林业公益性行业科研专项(201304315);; 国家林业局948项目(2014-4-67);; 国家自然科学基金项目(31300400);; 中国清洁发展机制基金赠款项目(2012076)资助
【CateGory Index】: X171
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