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《Earthquake Research in Shanxi》 2007-02
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Questioning about that "830 Thousand People Died" in the 1556 Huaxian Earthquake

WANG Ru-diao(Earthquake Administration of Linfen,Linfen,Shanxi 041000,China)  
The numbers of people of each county died in 1556 Huaxian Earthquake,with different seismic intensities from VII to XI,are calculated out respectively,based on death rates,recoded in historic records or evaluated by the author,of each county,taking the number in population registration data recorded in literatures 'Summary of History of Military and Political Geography' and 'Important Historical Political and Social Events of Sha'anxi which is found recently as a basic number of population before the 1556 Huaxian Earthquake.This evaluated number of died people is totally 530 thousand,300 thousands less than 830 thousand recorded in 'Ming Dynasty History'.It is concluded that the number recorded in 'Ming Dynasty History' is that of reduced population in registration,including people died from injuries,illness,starvations,coldness after the shock,and from plague occurred in the next year and disappeared people(including families escaped),rather than the number of people killed directly by the earthquake.
【CateGory Index】: X43
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【References】
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【Co-references】
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1 QI Lei (College of History,Wuhan University,WuHan,Hubei 430072);The Consciousness of the Low Social Stratum's Famine-Relief in the Period of Ming and Qing Dynasties[J];Journal of Baoji University of Arts and Sciences(Social Science Edition);2007-02
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