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《Journal of Historical Science》 2004-04
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Water,Electricity and Gas:The Evolution of the Public Utilities in Modern Shanghai and Different Psychologies Between Chinese and Foreigners

XING Jian-rong (Shanghai Municipal Archires,Shanghai 200336,China)  
Since Shanghai opened as a trade port,the authorities of the foreign concessions and foreign residents established modern public utilities,including water,electricity and gas at the International Settlement and the French Concession.Toward them,Shanghai Chinese at first had their fear and rejection,but more stimulation and admiration,and identification finally.Gentlemen in the Chinese area started to learn Western advanced civilization,and tried to change the passive modernization into the initiative one.They established their own water,electricity and gas enterprises,and achieved some success.Authorities of the foreign concessions and foreign companies of water,electricity and gas controlled the whole course of Shanghai city modernization,and they used their political privileges to dilate their political influence,expand the foreign concessions and share gigantic economic interests.However they accelerated the construction of the public utilities in Shanghai,and boosted the extent of Shanghai city modernization tremendously.
【CateGory Index】: K29
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