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Investigation on acquired immunodeficiency syndrome knowledge and discrimination among university students

ZHANG Ai-lian,CHEN Yong-li.Shanxi Medical University,Taiyuan 030001,China  
Objective To understand acquired immunodficiency syndrome(AIDS)related knowledge and discrimination among university students and explore the relationship between AIDS knowledge and discrimination.Methods Convenience sampling was used to select university students.Anonymous self-administrated questionnaires were used to collect the information regarding AIDS knowledge and discrimination for relevant training.It was followed that surveying their population characteristic,the knowledge of AIDS,and HIV/AIDS-related discrimination.Results The respondent's average awareness rate of AIDS related knowledge was 88.1%.The knowledge of basis on HIV/AIDS was 90.0%,the awareness rate of HIV/AIDS transmission route was 99.1%,non-transmission route was 87.7%,the prevention knowledge was 81.4%.Discrimination to people living with HIV/AIDS commonly existed in the respondents.The main manifestations of HIV/AIDS-related discrimination were reluctant to buying the goods which the HIV positive persons produced(61.9%),concerning to their words and actions(47.9%).Multiple linear regressions showed that there was negative correlation between the discrimination and the awareness rate of non-transmission route.Conclusion The level of AIDS knowledge among university students in the university needs to be improved.The education about non-transmission route and the prevention knowledge of AIDS should be strengthened.Lacking the knowledge of non-transmission route is the main cause which resulted in discrimination to AIDS patients and HIV positive person among the university students.
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