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《Shaanxi Medical Journal》 2013-02
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Hearing disability harms people's quality of life seriously and impedes the deaf people into the mainstream of society

Affiliated Hospital of Yan'an University Department of Otolaryngology(Yan'an 716000) Qu Liping Zhang Quanying Yan Qing et al  
Objective:To know the situation of hearing disability and the relevant data of the age and gender distribution in Yan'an,and provide the basic data for Yan'an Disabled Persons' Federation and government to rehabilitate and prevent deaf.Methods:To statistic and analysis the 5168 medical people who do ear check in Yan'an in 2009~2011.To invalid all line inspection and pure tone threshold check,and do the statistical analysis of the people in 10 years old age for boundary.Results:A total of 2514 subjects were hearing disability number,accounting for 48.65% of the number of check,men in 1357(53.66%),women,1177(46.34%);The incidence of hearing disability men(53.66%) than women(46.34%),there was a significant difference sex;Hearing disability prealence age distribution type distribution,including a wave 51~60 years old rates highest(27.66%),followed by 41~50 years(23.83%),31~40 years(17.25%),21~30 years(12.94%);the lowest among Hearing disability causes of disability in the top three in turn was senile deafness(72.30%),unexplained(11.88%),otitis media(12.61%).Conclusion: Males are more than females in earring disabilities proportion,which acquired deafness to presbycusis in the primary.The leading cause of disability in otitis media accounted is for a larger proportion.Caused by drug-induced deafness,sudden deafness,traumatic deaf,Hospital specialists should be strengthened at all levels of training and rational use of hearing aids.
【Fund】: 延安市科学技术委员会科研项目(2009ks-17)
【CateGory Index】: R764.5
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