Comparison of Psychological Health Status Between Nurses at Operating Room and Nurses at General Surgery Ward
HONG Rui-qiao,HUANG Hua-lan,YING Wen-juan,XIAO Hui-lan,WANG Miao-jun,WANG Yi-ru (Cancer Hospital of Shantou University Medical College, Shantou 515031,China)
Objective To investigate the psychological health status of nurses at operating room and find out the factors that influence their health.Method Self-rating Depression Scale, Self-rating Anxiety Scale and scale on sources of nurses' occupational stress are used among 65 nurses at operating room and 77 nurses at general surgery ward.Results The mean of SDS among nurses at operating room is 48.03±9.45, higher than 44.12±9.79 of nurses at general surgery ward(P0.01);Prevalence of depressive symptoms is 41.5%, higher than 27.3% of nurses at general surgery ward(P0.05). No significant difference is shown between their depressive status, while the scale on sources of stress indicates that nurses at operating room suffer more stress than those at general surgery ward in the aspects of profession, work volume, nursing of patients, working environment, management, interpersonal relationships.Conclusion Nurses at operating room have higher prevalence of depressive status than those at general surgery ward. Working characteristics and environment of operating room are the main factors influencing psychological health of nurses.