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《Journal of Practical Stomatology》 2005-02
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Torsional property and rotary fatigue fracture of Smart~ nickel-titanium endodontic instruments

Zheng Yufeng,Li Chao,Huang Chen,et al.Department of Mechanics and Engineering Science, Peking University, Beijing 100871,China  
Objective:To study the torsional property and rotary fatigue fracture of Smart K files and R reamers made of nickel-titanium alloy. Methods:The torsional property and rotary fatigue fracture behavior of Smart K files and R reamers were evaluated by means of specially-designed torsional device and simulated endodontic root canals system. The instrument surface and the rotary fatigue fractured surface were investigated by optical microscope and scanning electron microscope. Results:Compared with ANSI/ADA specification No.28, maximum torque values of Smart K and R endodontic instrument were higher. Tensile stresses on the outer surface of the endodontic instruments played a dominant role in fracture initiation during rotary fatigue fracture. The rotary numbers corresponding to rotary fatigue fracture decreased with the increase of the instrument size and curvature. Smart K and R endodontic instruments exhibited good ductility. Dimples were found on the fractured surface, and the fatigue fracture was the typical ductile fracture. Conclusion:Smartendodontic instruments have excellent torsional and rotary fatigue fracture resistance properties.
【CateGory Index】: TH787
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