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《Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics》 2008-10
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Drug Sensitive Analysis of 207 Strains of Staphylococcus Aureus in Children

XU Min,ZHANG Jian-hua,WU Liang-xia,WANG Zi-cai (Department of Pediatrics,the Sixth People′s Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University,Shanghai 200233,China)  
Objective To analyze the changes of the frequency of staphylococcus aureus (SAU) and methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolated from hospitalized children from 2003 to 2006,and investigate the 21 antimicrobial susceptibility against SAU strains for providing reference for clinical rational use of drug.Methods The SAU strains were isolated from 207 children who were hospitalized in department of pediatrics of the sixth people′s hospital affiliated to Shanghai jiaotong university from Jan.2003 to Dec.2006 during the first 48 h of hospital stay.Strains were isolated from cotton-tipped swab of throat culture 75 strains,sputum culture 57 strains,secretion of bellybutton culture 25 strains,liquor puris culture 23 strains,hemoculture 20 strains,tube thoracostomy culture 3 strains,middle piece urnary culture 3 strains,cerebrospinal fluid culture 1 strain.The strains were identified by latex agglutination test,the in vitro activities of the 21 antimicrobial agents against 207 SAU isolates was tested by disc diffusion test (K-B method) according to the guidelines of the clinical and laboratory standards institute.MRSA was screened by oxacillin disc diffusion test.The data were analyzed by WHONET 5 software,Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel was used to analyze the tendency of SAU isolating rate and MRSA detectable rate.Results Of these SAU,30 strains(14.5 %) isolates were MRSA and 177 strains(85.5 %) were methicillin sensitive staphylococcus aureus.The sensitive rates of SAU to Penicilin,Oxacillin,Cefuroxime Sodium,Cefotaxime,Ceftriaxone,Erythromycin,Clindamycin,Trimethoprim/Sulfamethoxazole,Ciprofloxacin,Fosfomycin and Rifampin were 4.8%,85.5%,84.9%,90.0%,88.3%,37.5%,46.3%,92.7%,74.2%,97.2%,94.0%,respectively.All the strains were sensitive to peptide antibiotic(for instance,vacomycin and teicoplanin) and Levofloxacin.The SAU isolated rate and MRSA detectable rate were 9.6%,19.8%,25.0%,39.5% and 5.0%,5.9%,12.7%,24.7% in 2003-2006,respectively.Conclusions SAU has strong resis-tance to Penicilin and Erythromycin,but relative sensitive to Oxacillin and Cephalosporin.The SAU isolatating rate and MRSA resistant rate is increased in our area,pediatrics should to strengthen the monitoring of SAU is important in pediatrics.
【CateGory Index】: R725.1
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