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《Research and Exploration in Laboratory》 2013-03
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Migragation Test of Fluoride in Shallow Groundwater——A Case Study of Huaibei Plain,Anhui Province

ZHU Qi-shun1,XU Guang-quan2,WANG Shun-chang1,LIU Tian-jiao1(1.Department of Life Sciences,Huainan Normal University;2.Department of Earth and Environment, Anhui University of Science and Technology,Huainan 232001,China)  
In order to study the migration of groundwater fluoride ion,a saturated-unsaturated columnar test model was made.The soil strata structure was simulated using stratified filling method.The migragation process of fluorine in soil and groundwater was approximately simulated using NaF tracer and water dynamic leaching process.The results showed that at the same time and at different depths during the migration process,the fluoride ion concentration peak gradually decays,and the breakthrough curves severely smear;at different times and the same depth,the fluoride ion concentration decreases exponentially,but as time goes and the depth increases,the migration rate of fluoride ion decreases,and gradually gathers.This is just the reason for the high concentration of fluoride in underground water in Huaibei Plain: fluorine-containing minerals in the soil migrate into groundwater after long-term leaching and hydration,resulting in a high fluoride ion concentration in shallow groundwater,on account of the favorable water chemistry condition.
【Fund】: 安徽高校省级自然科学研究项目(KJ2012Z368);; 淮南师范学院自然科学青年基金项目(2010QNL01)
【CateGory Index】: X523
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