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《Acta Petrolei Sinica》 2011-05
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Characteristics and kinetic of coal pyrolysates with different thermal simulation apparatuses

WANG Min1,2,3 LU Shuangfang1,2 WANG Dongliang4 DONG Qi1 LIU Min1 WANG Xuefei1(1.Earth Sciences Institute,Northeast Petroleum University,Daqing 163318,China;2.Key Laboratory of Hydrocarbon Accumulation Mechanism & Resource Assessment,Northeast Petroleum University,Daqing 163318,China;3.School of Earth & Space Sciences,Peking University,Beijing 100871,China;4.Langfang Branch,Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration & Development,PetroChina,Langfang 065007,China)  
Coal samples from the Shahezi Formation in the Songliao Basin were pyrolyzed by means of Rock-Eval II,TG-MS(thermogravimetry-mass spectrometry) and gold tube apparatuses,respectively,in order to investigate characteristics and kinetic behaviors of their pyrolysates.Comparative results of pyrolysate yields revealed that the Ro corresponding to methane generation under TG-MS apparatus conditions was close to the maturity value of gaseous hydrocarbons generated under geological conditions,while the maturity of methane generation under Rock-Eval II experiment conditions was much lower than the Ro corresponding to gaseous generation under geological conditions.The termination temperature of methane generation from the coal sample under the TG-MS experiment was about 850℃(at a heating rate of 10℃/min),and the corresponding Ro was about 5.3% calculated with the extended Easy Ro% model.However,the C1-5 mass yields increased all the time while even at the terminal temperature in the gold tube experiment(with the corresponding Ro of 4.9%,at a heating rate of 2℃/hour and the terminational temperature is about 650℃),indicating a gas-generative potential of the coal sample at higher maturity and the primary cracking of organic matter as the major source of methane in a closed system at this high temperature stage.It might be the recombined reaction of C6+ liquid hydrocarbons with kerogen or bitumen in a closed environment that formed some new products with high thermal stability,which then generated methane at even higher temperature stage.For an open system,such as in the TG-MS experiment and Rock-Eval experiment,this recombined reaction could not take place because C6+ liquid components were removed immediately with the carried gas.The geological application of kinetic parameters of gas generation from coals in the Xujiaweizi area showed that a great difference existed in the extrapolation of kinetic parameters obtained from different pyrolyzed apparatuses.Based on these data,the TG-MS apparatuses was recommended to simulate the simultaneous generation and expulsion process of hydrocarbons under geological conditions,while the gold tube apparatus was suitable for simulating a gas generation process of secondary cracking of hydrocarbons in the closed system.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(No.40972101);; 国家重点基础研究发展规划(973)项目(2009CB219306);; 国家科技重大专项(2008ZX05007-001)联合资助
【CateGory Index】: P618.13
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