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《Journal of Soochow University(Educational Science Edition)》 2016-04
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Dorainwind Model and Its Significance to Community Psychology in China

CHEN Yin;YANG Li-ping;School of Psychology,Nanjing Normal University;  
Dorainwind model was developed in a psychiatric-epidemiological context in America.As a "conceptual road map" of community psychology,following a time dimension,Dohrenwend successfully provided a conceptual model of the process and specific mediators whereby stressful life events induce different psychological influences on people through three theoretical modules:stressful life events and its precipitating factors,transient stress reaction and its mediators and three categories of outcomes of stressful life events,and showed three major characteristics:ecological perspective,the time dimension of intervention and prevention first.Dorainwind model not only clearly identifies different time nodes and paths for community mental health intervention,but also provides a useful guide for the current community mental health work in China,includes:Investigating all kinds of community mental problems systematically,that is,researches should be based on an ecological perspective and be located in a "community space" which is constituted by specific geographical location,cultural context and policy environment;Be full aware of the dynamics and developments of mental problems,take a good grasp of the different "time nodes" in order to carry out targeted mental health prevention and intervention;Pay full attention to the value and significance of mental prevention and focus community mental health work on the intervention "in advance" or "before disease" so as to make up for the functional deficiencies and lameness of mental health services caused by the traditional remedial intervention;Establish and follow the basic principles of taking primary prevention as priority,taking strengthen intervention as main focus,providing crisis intervention in time,and providing adjuvant intervention for corrective therapies.
【Key Words】: community psychology Dorainwind model theoretical module intervention path
【CateGory Index】: B849
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