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《Journal of Soochow University(Educational Science Edition)》 2016-04
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Action Research in Community Psychology:Motivation and Resistance

BAI Fu-bao;YANG Li-ping;FANG Ming;School of Humanities & Social Sciences,Anhui Agricultural University;School of Psychology,Nanjing Normal University;  
Action research is divided into three categories according to its researchers and research focus:scientific action research led by researchers,practical action research initiated by actors to solve their own problems and mixed action research conducted by researchers and actors.The mixed type emphasizes the critical reflection of reality,and has a strong sense of criticism.Action research and community psychology were given birth to the same social and cultural background,including the influence of contemporary philosophy development and post-modern philosophy and stimulation of the plight of humanities and social science.Action research is highly consistent with the community psychology in the view of pragmatism and practical direction,which is the main cause of launching action research in community psychology.The first problem of community action research is to study and adapt to the new research paradigm.Due to its approval of value loaded,the standpoint of researchers and participants will affect the process and outcome of the research,thus how to deal with the question and the criticism from the scientism orientation is not a small challenge.In addition,the problem of the transfer from individuals' inner psychological factors to outer environmental factors in community action research as well as the change of the relationship between the researchers and participants from subjectobject relationship to cooperation relationship should be solved.Finally,the community management model with Chinese characteristics also brings some resistance to the community action research.Nevertheless,with the changes of the research purposes and the evaluation criteria of humanities and social science research,the resistance of launching action research in community psychology is gradually weakening.There seems to be a reason to remain optimistic.
【CateGory Index】: B849
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