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《JOURNAL OF AUDIOLOGY AND SPEECH PATHOLOGY》 2000-04
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Study of ABR in Children with Palatoschisis

Liang Xiangfeng,Chen Suijun, Ou Yongkang,et al. (Department of otolaryngology,Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University of Medical Sciences,Guangzhou,510120)  
Objective To explore auditory lesion degree in children with palatoschisis and abnormal characteristics of auditory brainstem respones (ABR).Methods Determination of ABR was carried out in 94 children with palatoschisis,and compared with 42 healthy children.Results Of 188 ears,audition in 150 ears ,in certain extent,deceased in involved children. Peak latency (PL) of waveⅠ,wave Ⅲ and wave Ⅴ in ABR were 2 14±0 38,4 30±0 41,6 20±0 53 ms in left ears and 2 12±0 39,4 29±0 44,6 21±0 53 ms in opposite site of the patients,respectively. PL of waveⅠ,wave Ⅲ and wave Ⅴ were 1 50±0 13,3 74±0 12 and 5 60±0 15 ms in left ears and 1 60±0 16,3.72±0 13, 5 62±0 17 ms in right ears of control group,respectively.Difference showed statistically significant ( P0.05 ) in all data above mention compared with control group.Incidence of auditory lesion was 94.6%(53/56 ears) in the patients before 3 years old (28 cases).Middle and severe abnormality of audition only accounted for 66.7%.The incidence was 77.0%(57/74 ears) in the patients with more than 3~6 years old and 69 0%(40/58 ears) with more than 6 years old.Middle and severe abnormality of audition only accounted for 33.7%.Conclusion 1.Incidence of auditory damage was as high as 79.8% in plaltoschisis group;2.PL of wave Ⅰ,wave Ⅲ,wave Ⅴ were all prolongation in ABR character;3. The smaller age in palatoschisis group was,the higher incidence of auditory lesion was and the more severe the auditory damage was.
【CateGory Index】: R782
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