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《Soil and Fertilizer Sciences in China》 2012-02
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Effect of manipulation fertilization on soil inorganic nitrogen and characteristics of mineralization of protected soils in Beijing suburb

SUN Jian,ZHANG Yun-gui,LIU Qing-li,XIA Hao,LI Zhi-hong*(Institute of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning,CAAS,Beijing 100081)  
In this paper,the effect of manipulation fertilization for five years on protected soil inorganic nitrogen was studied,as well as the field plot experiment in situ incubation was carried out to study the dynamics of surface soil nitrogen mineralization rate,thus providing a theoretical and practical basis for nitrogen control of protected soils in Beijing suburb.The results showed that in the stage of crop growth,inorganic nitrogens in surface soil of the no fertilizer treatment and only manure treatment were almost exhausted and not good for crops to absorb;The development of inorganic nitrogens of other treatments had a upward trend but dropped off at the harvest stage,supplied as custom nitrogenous fertilizer treatment1.5 times of nitrogenous fertilizer recommendation treatmentnitrogenous fertilizer recommendation treatment0.5 times of nitrogenous fertilizer recommendation treatment and the effects were significant between each other.The effects of mineralization rates were significant after additional fertilizer;The mineralizations of only manure treatment,nitrogenous fertilizer recommendation treatment and 1.5 times of nitrogenous fertilizer recommendation treatment grew grealty and were close to nitrogenous fertilizer recommendation(100 kg/hm2),accounted for 81.5,86.3 and 97.7 kg/hm2,the mineralization of custom nitrogenous fertilizer treatment was increased by 82%~438% and accounted for 164.7 kg/hm2.Therefore,manipulation fertilization was positive to decrease soil inorganic nitrogen but ignoring mineralization would have worse influence on nitrogenous fertilizer recommendation and nitrogen balance of crop.
【Fund】: 国家科技支撑计划课题“城郊集约化农田污染综合防控技术集成与示范”(2006BAD17B09)
【CateGory Index】: S153
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