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《Natural Gas Industry》 2010-08
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Feature analysis and countermeasures of human error in drilling blowout incidents

Zhang Hong1,Wang Kai1,Zeng Hong2(1.School of Resources & Safety Engineering,China University of Mining & Technology,Beijing 100083,China;2.Sichuan Petroleum Geophysical Prospecting Company,Chuanqing Drilling Engineering Co.,Ltd.,CNPC,Chengdu,Sichuan 610213,China)  
While mainly focusing on the well control equipment and technologies in their current studies of drilling blowout causes,researchers have little knowledge of regarding the human error as one of the direct causes.Therefore,through feature analysis of the human errors in 59 major well blowout accidents during 1970-2006 in China,it is found that the percentage of human error accounts for 93.53% of the direct causes in blowout accidents.Then through an in-depth study of the effect of the main types of human errors,like an individual's deliberate violation behavior and an organization's management misconduct behavior,on the blowout,it is proved that the former behavior simply represents the character of the latter or reflects a company's unhealthy culture of safety.It is suggested that the achievements obtained from the study of behavioral science in preventing an individual's unsafe behaviors should be applied to controlling an organization's management misconduct behaviors with the purpose of foreseeing and preventing any possible management misconduct behaviors,thus improving the reliability of organization and management in drilling companies.
【Fund】: 教育部新世纪优秀人才支持计划项目(编号:NCET-10-0724);; 国家自然科学基金项目(编号:50874111)
【CateGory Index】: TE28
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