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《Natural Gas Industry》 2014-04
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Hydrocarbon systems and exploration potentials of Neoproterozoic in the Upper Yangtze Region

Wang Zecheng;Jiang Hua;Wang Tongshan;Gu Zhidong;Huang Shipeng;Petroleum Exploration and Development Research Institute,PetroChina;  
In the past few years,important discoveries have been made in the Sinian strata in the Sichuan Basin,which indicates that there are conditions for finding primary type large gas fields in the Neoproterozoic strata of craton basins in the Upper Yangtze Region.However,restricted by exploration extent and identification degree,the understanding is not clear yet about the oil and gas potential and distribution in this domain.Foreign studies show that Neoproterozoic hydrocarbon systems were controlled by climate conditions and tectonic paleogeographic environments.During the greenhouse climate periods,glaciers were melted,which led to sea level rising,and was favorable for the accumulation of organic-rich sediments.They were the major deposition periods for Neoproterozoic source rocks.Structural belts between the early rifts and the late craton depressions were favorable for forming hydrocarbon enrichment areas.In this paper,we found that the craton basins in the Upper Yangtze Region underwent important tectonic events that were globally correlatable across the Mesoproterozoic-Neoproterozoic boundary;during the Nanhua Period,the major tectonic events were intraplate extensional movements;and during the Sinian Period,they were craton depression deposits,forming two suites of hydrocarbon systems with distinct characteristics:the Sinian hydrocarbon system(also called post glacial stage hydrocarbon system) and the Nanhua hydrocarbon system(also called inter glacial stage hydrocarbon system).The former proven hydrocarbon system has developed several source rocks,widely distributed reservoirs and good source-reservoir assemblage condition,so it is an important domain for recent exploration.Controlled by the distribution of rifted(valley)basins,the latter hydrocarbon system has well-developed high quality source rocks so it is another potential target in gas exploration there.The Nanhua system rifts were so developed in central Sichuan Basin that geological evaluation should be enhanced in this study area to optimize exploration targets while potential risks are mitigated.
【Fund】: 国家油气重大专项“四川、塔里木等盆地及邻区海相碳酸盐岩大油气田形成条件、关键技术及目标评价”(编号:2011ZX05004)
【CateGory Index】: P618.13
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