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《Journal of Soil and Water Conservation》 2009-01
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Periodic Changes of the Annual Precipitation and Annual Natural Runoff in Guizhou Province

XIONG Ya-lan1,ZHANG Ke-li1,YANG Guang-xi2,GU Zai-ke2(1.State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology,School of Geography and Remote Sensing Science,Beijing Normal University,Beijing 100875;2.Observation Station for Soil and Water Conservation of Guizhou Province,Guiyang,Guizhou 210093)  
Research on the multiple time-frequency analysis of annual precipitation and annual runoff is help to integrated manage of Karst area,efficiently use of water resources,constitute criterion of designing water and electricity establishment.This paper analyzes abrupt change and periods of annual precipitation and annual natural runoff in Guizhou Province based on Morlet wavelet transform.The result shows that annual precipitation has weakly variance and no obvious increase tendency from 1956-2000,but annual runoff has middling variance and increase tendency in a degree;periodic changes of annual precipitation and annual runoff are isochronous,periods of precipitation is 42,22 and 5 years,periods of runoff is 40,22 and 5 years.Periods of 40 and 22 years are overall,but 5 years periods is mainly active in 1960s-1980s years.Runoff is isochronous in the Hongshui river,upwards of Yuanjiangbu town,upwards of Sinan,Beipan river,downwards of Shigu and Liu river of the 11 water resources 3rd class region of Guizhou Province.
【Fund】: 贵州省水土保持监测站项目“西南喀斯特地区土壤侵蚀机理及水土流失预测”;; 国家自然科学基金(40671112)
【CateGory Index】: P333.3
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