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《Chinese Journal of Soil Science》 2012-03
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Source Analysis and Evaluation of Soil Heavy Metals in Pepper Fields in Hainan Province

GUO Yue-pin 1,FU Yang-rong 1,2,BAI Xue-mei 1,YANG Yi 1,ZHANG Gu-cheng 1(1.Hainan Geological Survey,Haikou 570206,China; 2.Graduate School,China University of Geosciences,Wuhan 430074,China.)  
According to the investigation of heavy metal contents in soils in pepper fields in Wen-chang and Qiong-hai,main pepper bases,in Hainan Province,the status of heavy metals in the soils was evaluated.The evaluation was made through adopting single-factor pollution index method,synthesis pollution index method and green food-technical conditions for environmental of area and the grade Ⅱ standard for soil environmental quality.Then the source of heavy metals in pepper fields was discussed by combining to the deep soil samples,soil parent rock samples and the results of 1:25,000 multi-target regional geochemical surveys in Hainan Island.The results indicated that Ni,Cr and Cu were the main heavy metal pollution factors in the six fields(F1-F6) weathered from basalt.Pb and As sub-standard existed in the two pepper fields(F8 and F10) weathered from granite and metamorphic rock.The rest six fields met green food-technical conditions for environmental of area,which are weathered from sedimentary sandstone(F11-F13),loose sediment of Quaternary(F7 and F14) and granite(F9).Basing on systems analysis,though Cd,Pb,As and other heavy metals,caused partly by the impact of Human activities,were enriched in the surface soil of certain pepper fields,but the soil parent material types were the main factors controlling concentrations of heavy metals in the soils.
【Fund】: 中国地质调查局和海南省人民政府合作项目“海南岛生态地球化学调查”(200414200010)资助
【CateGory Index】: X142
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