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《Acta Pedologica Sinica》 1980-03
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THE AVAILABILITY OF NITROGEN OF GREEN MANURES IN RELATION TO THEIR CHEMICAL COMPOSITION

Shi Shu-lian, Wen Qi-xiao~* Liao Hai-qiu (Nanjing Institute of Soil Science, Academia Sinica)  
The nitrogen balance and the availability of residual nitrogen of green manures in relation to their chemical composition were studied in pot and incubation experiments.Azolla, milk-vetch and common water hyacinth were used as green manures and labelled by the fertilization of (~(15)NH_4)_2SO_4.Result obtained are summarized as follows:1.Although plant materials having lower C/N ratio usually give more available nitrogen and the C/N ratio of azolla was lower than that of milk-vetch, yet azolla contained high lignin about 20%, and consequently the percentage recovery of nitrogen by rice plant from azolla was much lower than that from milk-vetch.2.The loss of nitrogen from azolla during the growing period of rice plant was more than that from milk-vetch. It may be due to chemodenitrification.3.Judging from the nitrogen availability ratio (defined as the percentage of nitrogen originated from plant residues mineralized or absorbed by crop divided by the percentage of soil native nitrogen of the same performances), the residual nitrogen availability of azolla was equal to, or slightly lower than that of soil native organic nitrogen, while that of milk-vetch and common water hyacinth was usually higher.It seems that the effect of green manures on the improvement of soil organic matter varied with their chemical composition.Green manures with a higher lignin content usually yielded a lower amount of "active organic matter".Previously translated as Wen Chi-hsiao.
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