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《Acta Pedologica Sinica》 1989-04
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INVESTIGATIONS ON NITROGEN LOSSES FROM FERTILIZERS APPLIED TO FLOODED CALCAREOUS PADDY SOIL

Zhu Zhaoliang ,J.R. Simpson Zhang Shaolin Cai Guixin Chen Deli J.R.Freney and A. V.Jackson (1) Institute of Sail Science, Academia Sinica, Nanjing) (2) Division of Plant Industry, CSIRO, Canberra Australia) (3) Division of Bnvirottmentol Mechanics, CSIRO, Canberra Australia)  
N losses were investigated in the field of calcareous paddy soil by ~(?)N-tracer and micrometeorological mass balance techniques. Results revealed that: 1. Total N loss from ammonium bicarbonate and urea broadcast into floodwater and incorporated just before transplanting was 72% and 63%, of which 39% and 30% was of ammonia loss which accounted for 54% and 48% of total N loss, respectively. 2. The higher N loss from calcareous soil, as compared with acidic one, is primarily due to the higher ammonia loss, because the difference in denitrification loss between the two soils investigated in this series of research was insignificant. 3. The higher ammonia loss from ammonium bicarbonate applied to calcareous soil can be mainly attributed to the high pH Values of the soil and irrigation water. However, the elevation of floodwater pH in day time resulted from the vigorous growth of algae also contribute partly the higher ammonia loss from urea applied to the calcareous soil.
【Fund】: 澳大利亚国际农业研究中心(ACIAR)提供了部分资助
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