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《Acta Pedologica Sinica》 2001-04
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EFFECT OF INORGANIC NITROGEN ON MINERALIZATION OF ORGANIC CARBON (~(14)C+~(12)C) IN SOIL

Zhu Pei li Wang Zhi ming Huang Dong mai Yu Xiao he Yan Shao hua (Institute of Soil and Fertilizer, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanjing 210014)  
The 14 C tracing technology and isothermally sealed incubation method were used to study effect of inorganic N on mineralization of straw 14 C in a combined fertilization system of mineral N and plant residue for one year. Results indicated that in non calcareous soil, application of inorganic N accelerated mineralization of straw C, but relatively strengthened the immobilization process of indigenous soil C. It might be likely that the increase in the amount of straw C mineralized compensated for the increase in the amount of indigenous C immobilized, hence, inorganic N might have only little effect on mineralization of total organic C in soil. The annual mineralization rate of straw 14 C was greater in submerged soil than in upland soils, and the increase in the annual mineralization rate of straw 14 C by inorganic N was similar either in submerged soil or in upland soils. In calcareous soil, inorganic N retarded mineralization of both straw 14 C and soil native C. Promotion of organic C decomposition by inorganic N was not found in this study. This paper put forward some new views about the effect of N fertilizer on transformation of organic C, and about the role of N fertilizer in the internal cycling of soil organic C in the combined fertilization system of mineral N and plant residue.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目 (批准号 3 9770 42 9和 3 983 0 2 2 0 )
【CateGory Index】: S153.6
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