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《Acta Pedologica Sinica》 2004-05
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SOIL CARBON STOCKS AND THEIR INFLUENCING FACTORS UNDER NATIVE VEGETATIONS IN CHINA

Xie Xianli 1, 2 Sun Bo2 Zhou Huizhen 2 Li Zhongpei2(1 Geography College, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210097,China) (2 Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China)  
Soil organic C plays a key role in carbon cycle and carbon storage in the natural ecosystem. The soil carbon stocks under native vegetations in China were estimated by making use of 2 440 profiles from the second national soil survey and the vegetation map (1∶4 000 000) of China, and map the distribution of soil carbon density under native vegetations. With the aid of a simplified vegetation classification system, the digitalized vegetation map units were sorted into 6 categories and 26 types of vegetation.The median carbon stocks of the soils in China are 8.23 kg m -2 in 0~100 cm soil layer, and 2.67 kg m -2 in 0~20 cm topsoil. The difference in the soil carbon density among vegetation categories is prominent. The soil carbon density in 0~100 cm under forests, scrubs, deserts, steppes, meadows and croplands is 11.59, 7.25, 3.14, 5.29, 14.90 and 8.07 kg m -2, respectively. On the basis of vegetation types, the total soil carbon stocks were calculated at 69.38 Gt in 0~100 cm and 23.81 Gt in 0~20 cm. In 0~100 cm, the soil carbon stock under forests (17.39 Gt) was the highest, accounting for 25% of the total in China despite the fact that the forest soil amounted to only 15.81% of the total territory of the country. Under croplands, it was 14.69 Gt or 21.2%, a little higher than the percentage (19.18%) of the soil in area. Though the soil under the vegetation of meadows and swamps was low (8.64%) in percentage in area, its carbon storage amounted to 12.22 Gt or 17.63%. The soil carbon stocks under steppes were 14.69 Gt or 10.76%of the total, lower than the percentage (14.86%) of the soil in area, and it was 3.93 Gt or only 5.66% under deserts, much lower than the percentage (13.17%) of the soil in area. The storage of soil carbon varies significantly from district to district in China. The highest soil carbon stocks locate in the south and east of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, the Altai Mountain and the Tianshan Mountains dominated with alpine evergreen,deciduous shrubs, alpine meadows, and swamps. The boreal taiga and meadows in the north of Southwest China and subtropical broadleaf forests in South China are moderate in soil carbon stock. The Tarim Basin, the Caidam Basin, the Junggar Basin and other desertification districts in Northwest China and the north of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau where deserts and dry steppes dominate are lower in soil carbon stock. Climate shows an important influence on the distribution of soil carbon storage, which would rise with increasing precipitation and decreasing temperature.The regression analytieal results of SOC against environmental variables demonstrate that generally SOC increases with increasing precipitation but decreases with increasing temperature, and elevation plays a positive effect on SOC. Furthermore, carbon accumulation in different areas depends differently on different environmental variables, whose impact on SOC is becoming stronger when the research gets more specific. However, human activities reduce the influence of environmental variables on SOC.
【Fund】: 中国准备初始国家信息通报的能力建设项目 (CPR/0 0 /G3 1/A/1G/99)资助
【CateGory Index】: S153
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