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《Acta Pedologica Sinica》 2008-04
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EFFECTS OF LOW SOIL BORON CONTENT ON PHYSIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF YELLOW-AND BLACK-SEEDED RAPE(BRASSICA NAPUS L.) AT FLOWERING STAGE

Zhang Zilong Li Jiana (College of Agronomy and Biotechnology,Southwest University,Chongqing 400716,China)  
Rape(Brassica napus L.) is sensitive to boron deficiency and usually gets depressed in production when it becomes severe.Boron deficiency restrains reproductive growth more than vegetative growth of rape.Yellow-seeded rape(Brassica napus L.) is characterized by thinner seed coat and lower hull percentage,which is correlated with higher oil,high protein,and lower crude fiber contents as is compared with black-seeded rape.Therefore,breeding of yellow-seeded rape has become one of the main objectives in rapeseed production.To realize that target,it is important to explore physiological characteristics of yellow-seeded rape in soils low in boron content at the flowering stage,and differences between yellow-seeded and black-seeded rapes.Two isogenic genotypes of rapes,yellow-seeded and black-seeded rapes(Brassica napus L.) were used in a field experiment for that purpose.Results show that in soils low in boron content,black-seeded rape was more capable than yellow-seeded rape of redistributing N,P and K in bottom leaves of the plants.Low soil boron content led to reduction of size and dry weight of floral organs,of either yellow-seeded or black-seeded rape,affected.the lengths of pistil and stamen more of yellow-seeded rape than of black-seeded rape,and dulled the viability of pollens of both rape genotypes,but the effect was more obvious on yellow-seeded rape than on black-seeded rape.Besides,low soil boron content lowered the contents of soluble sugar,starch,free proline and soluble protein in the stamen and pistils of both rape genotypes,but the effect was more significant on yellow-seeded rape than black-seeded one.Compared to black-seeded rape,yellow-seeded rape was more sensitive to boron deficiency.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金重点项目“甘蓝型油菜优质高效黄籽性状的遗传基础研究”(30330400);; 农业部948项目“油菜特异资源和育种新技术的引进、改良及创新研究”(2003-Q04)资助
【CateGory Index】: S565.4
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