Full-Text Search:
Home|Journal Papers|About CNKI|User Service|FAQ|Contact Us|中文
《Acta Pedologica Sinica》 2015-04
Add to Favorite Get Latest Update


Liu Yuan;M.Jamal Khan;Jin Haiyang;Bai Xueying;Xie Yingxin;Zhao Xu;Wang Shenqiang;Wang Chenyang;National Engineering Research Center for Wheat,State Key Laboratory of Wheat and Maize Crop Science,Collaborative Innovation Center of Henan Grain Crops,College of Agronomg,Henan Agricultural University;State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture,Changshu National Agro-Ecosystem Observation and Research Station,Institute of Soil Science,Chinese Academy of Sciences;Department of Soil and Environmental Sciences,The University of Agriculture;  
Annually about 0.6~0.7 billion tons of crop straw is produced in China,however nearly half failed reasonable use,causing a series of problems such as resource waste and environmental pollution. Biochar,a pyrolyzed biomass high in carbon concentration and stable C,can improve soil carbon pool rapidly when applied to soil. The application of crop-straw derived biochar does not only increase carbon sequestration,reduce emission of greenhouse gases and improve soil quality,but also serve as an effective way to realize diversified comprehensive utilization of straw resource. Nevertheless,owing to its unique physico-chemical properties,biochar,once applied as a soil conditioner,would certainly alter soil property and then influence crop growth. In order to assess the potential of biochar in application to farmland of cambosols(p H 8.30) in North China Plain,a two-year field experiment(4 croppings or two cycles of wheat and maize crop rotation beginning in fall of 2011),was conducted in the Fengqiu Agro-ecological Experiment Station,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Fengqiu,Henan Province. The experiment was designed to have four treatments in biochar application rate,i.e. Treatment BC0(0 t hm-2;as control or CK),Treatment BC2.25(2.25 t hm-2;low level),Treatment BC6.75(6.75 t hm-2;medium level) and Treatment BC11.3(11.3 t hm-2;high level). The total biochar application rate of the 4 croppings was 0,9,27 and 45.2 t hm-2,respectively. Each treatment had three replicates and the plots of the treatments were laid out in randomized complete block design(RCBD),16 m2 each in area. For wheat N 240 kg hm-2(urea),P2O5 150 kg hm-2(triple superphosphate) and K2 O 90 kg hm-2(potassium sulfate) was applied,while for maize N 200 kg hm-2 and the same rate of P and K as for wheat were. P and K fertilizers were applied all at once as basal dressing,while N fertilizer was applied in split dosing,i.e. 60% as basal and the remaining 40% as side dressing at the jointing stage. The fertilizers were broadcast into the wheat fields,and applied in pits in the maize. The crops were irrigated after fertilizer application,and their subsequent water demand was met by rainfall. Crop yield,grain quality,N uptake,mineral N(NO3--N and NH4+-N) in soil,p H,soil bulk density,water content and water holding capacity were monitored for all the plots. Results show that for the first three crops(wheat-maize-wheat) no statistically significant difference(p0.05) in yield was found between CK and the other three treatments. When it came to the fourth cropping,the crop of maize increased its yield by 8.43% in Treatment BC6.75. The yield of the four crops were also increased by 4.92% and 4.54% in Treatments BC6.75 and BC11.3,respectively. Biochar application had no negative effects on protein content in wheat and maize grains or bulk density of and wet gluten content in wheat grain,however Treatment BC11.3 was found to have increased bulk density of and protein content in wheat grain. Although no significant effect of biochar addition was observed on nitrogen uptake and accumulation by shoots of the crops and soil mineral nitrogen and soil p H,nitrogen uptake and accumulation of the grains of the 4 crops increased by 6.55%~7.98%,soil water content in the plough layer by 10.3%~20.2%,and soil water holding capacity by 14.5%~15.0%,yet,soil bulk density decreased by 2.99%~10.4% in Treatments BC6.75 and BC11.3. All the findings suggest that successive application of crop straw derived biochar does have some positive effects on crop yield and no negative influence on grain quality,and that biochar has no significant effects on mineral nitrogen content in the topsoil or N uptake and utilization by crops. The beneficial effects of biochar of improving soil physical properties,like in bulk density,soil water content,and water holding capacity may be the major cause to yield increase after the application of biochar in cambosols. It is necessary to do some further in-depth studies on effect of long-term biochar application on soil water and nutrient dynamic and some other physico-chemical properties of cambosols and nutrient translocation in plant in the hope that the study may provide some scientific data to support extrapolation of the application of crop straw derived biochar in upland of North China.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(41001147 41271312);; 中国科学院南京土壤研究所知识创新项目(Y11200000010);; 土壤与农业可持续发展国家重点实验室优秀青年人才项目(Y412010006)资助
【CateGory Index】: S141
Download(CAJ format) Download(PDF format)
CAJViewer7.0 supports all the CNKI file formats; AdobeReader only supports the PDF format.
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 5 Hits
1 Cang Long 1,Zhu Xiangdong 1,Wang Yu 1,Xie Zubin 2,Zhou Dongmei 1(1.Key Laboratory of Soil Environment and Pollution Remediation,Institute of Soil Science,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Nanjing 210008,China;2.State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture,Institute of Soil Science,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Nanjing 210008,China);Pollutant contents in biochar and their potential environmental risks for field application[J];Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering;2012-15
2 ZHANG Hanzhi1,2,HUANG Yuan1,LIU Gang2,XU Yanping2,3,LIU Jinshan2,3, BEI Qicheng2,3,LIN Xingwu2,ZHU Jianguo2,XIE Zubin2? 1.College of Resources and Environment,Southwest University,Chongqing 400716,China; 2.State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture//Institute of Soil Science,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Nanjing 210008,China; 3.Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100039,China;Effects of biochar on corn growth,nutrient uptake and soil chemical properties in seeding stage[J];Ecology and Environmental Sciences;2010-11
3 ZHU An-ning1, ZHANG Jia-bao1, YANG Jing-song2, ZHOU Ling-yun1, XIN Xiu-li1 (1 State Experimental Station for Agro-Ecology in Fengqiu , Chinese Academy of Sciences, State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture (Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences), Nanjing 210008, China;2 Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China);Changes of Soil Nitrogen Under Intensive Crop Production in Typical Fluvo-Aquic Soil Regions[J];Soils;2009-05
4 Dou Sen Zhou Guiyu Yang Xiangyu Liu Shijie Zhou Xin Zhang Cong Wu Hua(College of Resource and Environmental Science,Jilin Agricultural University,Changchun 130118,China);BIOCHAR AND ITS RELATION TO HUMUS CARBON IN SOIL: A SHORT REVIEW[J];Acta Pedologica Sinica;2012-04
5 LIANG Feng;LI Gui-tong;LIN Qi-mei;ZHAO Xiao-rong;College of Resources and Environment, China Agricultural University;;Crop Yield and Soil Properties in the First 3 Years After Biochar Application to a Calcareous Soil[J];农业科学学报(英文版);2014-03
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 LIU Guo-tao,ZHANG Hong-lian,PENG Xu-ya(Key Lab of Three Gorges Reservoir Area Ecological Environment,Ministry of Education,Chongqing University,Chongqing 400045,China);A review on the research advances in biochar from the organic solid waste pyrolysis[J];Journal of Safety and Environment;2012-01
2 YANG Fang1,2,LEE Xin-qing1,WANG Bing1, CHENG Jian-zhong1(1.The State Key Laboratory of Environmental Geochemistry,Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences,Guiyang 550002,China;2.Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China);The Application of Biochar to Improving Agricultural Production and Pollution Abatement[J];Earth and Environment;2012-01
3 GE Cheng-jun1,2,DENG Hui2,YU Hua-mei3,HE Jian-xiong2(1.Hainan Development of Low-carbon Development,Haikou 570228,China;2.College of Environmental and Plant Protection, Hainan University,Haikou 570228,China;3.School of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology,Beijing 100083,China);Effects of biochar on soil fertility and it's application technology in the tropics[J];Guangdong Agricultural Sciences;2012-04
4 GAO Hai-ying1,CHEN Xin-xiang1,ZHANG Wen1,HE Xusheng1,GENG Zeng-chao1,SHE Diao1,GUO Yong-li2(1.College of Environment and Resources,Northwest A&F University,Yangling,Shaanxi 712100,China;2.Agricultural Technology Extension Center of Chang'an District,Xi'an,Shaanxi 710100,China);A study on physicochemical properties of biochar and biochar-based ammonium nitrate fertilizers[J];Agricultural Research in the Arid Areas;2012-02
5 WU Peng-bao1,XIE Yu1,QI Zhi-ping2,WU Wei-dong1*(1.Hainan University,Key Laboratory of Protection and Development Utilization of Tropical Crop Germplasm Resources, Ministry of Education,Haikou,Hainan Province 570228,China;2.Tropical Crops Genetic Resources Institute,CATAS, Danzhou,Hainan Province 571737,China);Effects of Biochar on Stability and Total Carbon Distribution of Aggregates in Granitic Laterite[J];Acta Agrestia Sinica;2012-04
6 ZHANG Wen,GENG Zeng-chao,CHEN Xin-xiang,GAO Hai-ying(College of Resources and Environment,Northwest A&F University / Key Laboratory for Plant Nutrient and Agricultural Environment in Northwest China,Ministry of Agriculture,Yangling,Shannxi 712100,China);Effects of biochar on saline soil improvement[J];Agricultural Research in the Arid Areas;2013-02
7 TIAN Dan,QU Zhong-yi,LI Bo,LV Yi-jia(College of Water Resources and Civil Engineering,Inner Mongolia Agricultural University,Hohhot 010018,China);Influence of Biochar on Sandy Soil Hydraulic Characteristic Parameters and Moisture Holding Properties[J];Journal of Irrigation and Drainage;2013-03
8 YU Cai-lian;LIU Bo;YANG Ying;QIN Ying-chun;Institute of Chemical and Environmental Engineering,Harbin University of Science and Technology,Key Laboratory of Green Chemical Technology of Heilongjiang Province;College of Resources and Environmental Sciences,Northeast Agricultural University;;Effects of chemical control on Solanum nigrum L. remediation to cadmium ( Cd) from seriously-polluted soil[J];Journal of Beijing Forestry University;2013-05
9 LI Hongyu;XU Li;FANG Meiqi;LIU Wenjuan;Wang Nang;School of Animal Sceince and Technology,Northeast Agricultural University;Animal Science Institute of Heilongjiang Province;;Effect of addition level for corn steep liquor on main index of fermentation quality in yellow corn stover silage[J];Journal of Northeast Agricultural University;2013-09
10 ZHANG Peng;College of Geographical Sciences,Fujian Normal University;;Research Progress of Biochar Stability and Effects on Soil Greenhouse Gas Emission[J];Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences;2013-19
China Proceedings of conference Full-text Database 2 Hits
1 LIAN Fei1,2,TANG Shi-rong1,ZHU Ling-yan2(1.Centre for Research in Ecotoxicology and Environmental Remediation,Institute of Agro-environmental Protection,Ministry of Agriculture of China,Tianjin 300191,China;2.College of Environmental Science and Engineering,Nankai University,Tianjin 300071,China);Comparison of Biochar with Different Origins on Properties and Application in Agro-environmental Protection[A];[C];2011
2 Liang Wang;Yingwen Xue;Xiaopei Wang;Xiaoru Cheng;School of Civil Engineering, Wuhan University;;The research on adsorption of nitrate using biochar: A review[A];[C];2014
【Secondary Citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 LIU Hui ling, CHEN Ya heng,XU HAO,HUO Xi-liang (College of Resources and Environmental Sciences,Agricultural University of Hebei,Baoding 071001,China);The nutrient balance of N P K in aquent of Hebei alluvial plain and their evaluation[J];Journal of Agricultural University of Hebei;2002-02
2 CHEN BaoLiang,ZHOU DanDan,ZHU LiZhong & SHEN XueYou Department of Environmental Science,Zhejiang University,Hangzhou 310028,China;Sorption characteristics and mechanisms of organic contaminant to carbonaceous biosorbents in aqueous solution[J];中国科学(B辑:化学)(英文版);2008-05
3 XIE ZuBin1, LIU Gang1, BEI QiCheng1,2, TANG HaoYe1, LIU JinShan1,2, SUN HuiFeng1,2, XU YanPing1,2, ZHU JianGuo1 & CADISCH Georg3 1 State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China; 2 Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China; 3 Institute of Plant Production and Agroecology in the Tropics and Subtropics, University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart 70593, Germany;CO_2 mitigation potential in farmland of China by altering current organic matter amendment pattern[J];中国科学:地球科学(英文版);2010-09
4 PAN Gen-xing,ZHANG A-feng,ZOU Jian-wen,LI Lian-qing,ZHANG Xu-hui,ZHENG Jin-wei(Institute of Resource,Ecosystem and Environment of Agriculture/Center of Agriculture and Climate Change,Nanjing Agricultural University,Nanjing 210095,China);Biochar From Agro-Byproducts Used as Amendment to Croplands:An Option for Low Carbon Agriculture[J];Journal of Ecology and Rural Environment;2010-04
5 TONG Xue-jiao1,2,LI Jiu-yu1,3,JIANG Jun1,XU Ren-kou1(1.State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture,Institute of Soil Science,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Nanjing 210008,China;2.College of Resource and Environment,Nanjing Agricultural University,Nanjing 210095,China;3.Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China);Effect of Biochars Derived From Crop Straws on Cu(Ⅱ) Adsorption by Red Soils[J];Journal of Ecology and Rural Environment;2011-05
6 DENG Jian cai1,2, CHEN Xiao min2, LU Xin1, JIANG Xin1, ZHANG Jia bao1 (1. Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Science, Nanjing 210008, China; 2. College of Resource and Environmental Science, Nanjing Agriculture University, Nanjing 210095, China);Rule of the Nitrate Transport in Main Soils in Fengqu Region[J];Journal of Agro-environmental Science;2005-01
7 ZHOU Gui-yu,DOU Sen*,LIU Shi-jie(College of Resources and Environmental Science,Jilin Agriculture University,Changchun 130118,China);The Structural Characteristics of Biochar and Its Effects on Soil Available Nutrients and Humus Composition[J];Journal of Agro-Environment Science;2011-10
8 He Xusheng1,Geng Zengchao1,She Diao1,Zhang Baojian2,Gao Haiying1(1.College of Resources and Environment,Northwest Agriculture and Forestry University,Yangling 712100,China 2.College of Mechanical and Electric Engineering,Northwest Agriculture and Forestry University,Yangling 712100,China);Implications of production and agricultural utilization of biochar and its international dynamic[J];Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering;2011-02
9 Zhang Jiyi1,Pu Lijun1※,Li Gen2(1.College of Petrochemical Engineering,Lanzhou University of Technology,Lanzhou 730050,China;2.Cscec Aecom Consultants Co,Ltd,Lanzhou 730000,China);Preparation of biochar adsorbent from straw and its adsorption capability[J];Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering;2011-S2
10 HAN Yan-lai,GE Dong-jie,WANG Qiang,WANG Yi-lun, TAN Jin-fang (College of Resources and Environment,Henan Agricultural University,Zhengzhou,Henan 450002);Effect of N Fertilizer Rate on Fate of Labeled Nitrogen and Winter Wheat Yield on Different Soil Fertility Fields in Chao Soil Area in North Henan[J];Journal of Soil and Water Conservation;2007-05
©2006 Tsinghua Tongfang Knowledge Network Technology Co., Ltd.(Beijing)(TTKN) All rights reserved