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《Ecology and Environment》 2006-02
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Capacity of dust uptake by leaf surface of Euonymus Japonicus Thunb. and the morphology of captured particle in air polluted city

WANG Zanhong1, LI Jibiao2 1. College of Environment and Resource Sciences, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang 050016, China; 2. Experiment Center, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang 050016, Chnia  
The leaves of Euonymus Japonicus Thumb. could play important role in dust uptake around city streets, especially in northern area where broad-leaved trees defoliate in winter. But the quantitative effects of the leaves are still unclear. This investiga- tion measured the amount of dust fall on the leaves surface of Euonymus Japonicus Thumb.by sampling beside 4 main traffic roads in Shijiazhuang city, the typical air polluted city in northern China, with the result that average dust uptake capacity of leaf surface under normal weather is 0.861 4 g·m-2·d-1, and the maximal accumulative dust uptake capacity of single leaf was 11.619 7 g·m-2, which had been attained in 15 days. The SEM images of particle on the leaf surface show that PM10 can be captured efficiently by the plant and the leaf can hold very fine particles even underwent thorough rinsing treatment. It has been claimed by this research that Euonymus Japonicus Thumb. is suitable for atmospheric particulate reduction in city road environment.
【Fund】: 河北省自然科学基金项目(D2005000176);; 河北省科技开发项目(052035187D-6);; 河北师范大学博士科研基金项目(1305088)
【CateGory Index】: X173
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