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《Ecology and Environment》 2007-04
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Methane emission from the system of rice intensification (SRI) in paddy field

WANG Yuying1,2,3,ZHU Bo1,HU Chunsheng2,WANG Yanqiang1,MA Xiumei4 1. Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environments,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Chengdu 610041,China; 2. Center for Agricultural Resources,Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Shijiazhuang 050021,China; 3. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100039,China; 4. China Southwest Agricultural University,Chongqing 400716,China  
Subtropical purple soil paddy region is a main ecosystem type in the hilly area of the central Sichuan basin. The system of rice intensification (SRI) is attracting more attention and being extended because of the gigantic potential of increasing yield. The objectives of this study were to obtain the carbon process of SRI in the ecological area and provide database for the methane emis-sion evaluation of the purple soil paddy region in China. The methane emission from the paddy rice was monitored through static chamber/gas-chromatography techniques in the hilly area of the central Sichuan basin. The results showed that,the daily variations of CH4 emissions were obvious in the full heading stage and the maturity stage,the shapes of the curves were the same type with a sin-gle peak and vale,CH4 emission rate was higher in the full heading stage than that in the maturity stage,in the two stages the maxi-mum CH4 emission peaks of daily variations all emerged in 15:00 PM with a higher air temperature,and the minimum emission peaks emerged during 7:00—9:00 AM with a lower air temperature. There were two CH4 emission peaks during rice growth stage,they presented to in the jointing stage and the harvest stage respectively. The 5 cm subsoil temperature and the air temperature influ-enced the CH4 emissions significantly. The total CH4 emission quantities of the conventional rice cultivation,the SRI with plastic film mulching and the SRI without plastic film mulching were 292.332,283.533 and 208.422 kg·hm-2 respectively in the whole growth stage of rice. Though the total CH4 emission quantities of the SRI decreased from 3.0% to 28.7% compared to that of the conventional rice cultivation,the yield of the SRI was not increased significantly compared to that of the conventional rice cultiva-tion.
【Key Words】: system of rice intensification CH4 emissions static chamber techniques
【Fund】: 科技部重大科技专项“粮食丰产科技工程”专题项目(2004BA520A05)
【CateGory Index】: S511
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