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《Ecology and Environment》 2008-02
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Analysis on natural capital in Wuhan based on ecological footprint

Liu Hang,Song Yuqin College of Environmental Science and Engineering,Peking University,Beijing 100871,China  
Ecological footprint is at present one of the most commonly-used methodologies of natural capital research,which well reflects the trend of regional sustainable development.This paper has conducted a quantitative research and comparative analysis of the fluctuation of Wuhan’s natural capital in 1995,2000 and 2005 through ecological footprint methodology.The result shows that the proportion between demand and supply of natural capital in these three years is respectively 18.402∶1,20.765∶1,and 27.276∶ 1,which highlights the severe contradiction between supply and demand.And the ecological deficit per capita is respectively 2.420 6 hm2·cap-1,2.516 3 hm2·cap-1,and 2.900 9 hm2·cap-1,which shows an increasing tendency and turns out to be a bottleneck that limits the sustainable development of Wuhan.Eco-land categorical analysis shows that components of cropland,fisheries and fossil fuels suffer severe problems of deficit and should therefore be most targeted objects in the improvement of Wuhan’s natural capital status.In this paper,the author suggests a series of measures such as advocating rational consumption,improving green security system,and optimizing urban ecological function so as to provide basis for Wuhan’s sustainable development.
【Fund】: 甘肃省科技攻关重点项目(2GS054-A44-017)
【CateGory Index】: X22
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