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《Ecology and Environmental Sciences》 2019-03
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Effects of Different Land Uses on Soil Microbial Biomass, Carbon, Nitrogen,Phosphorus and Enzyme Activities in the Plateau of North Hebei

QIAO Zhaochong;ZHAO Haichao;HUANG Zhihong;LIU Yinghui;LU Haibo;LI Ruixin;Hebei North University;  
To study the effects of different land uses on soil microbial biomass and enzyme activities in the plateau of north Hebei,and to reveal the influence mechanism of land use type on soil fertility and microorganism. Grassland, woodland and a variety of different agricultural land(open field vegetable field, silage corn field, greenhouse vegetable field, potato field and oat field) were selected in the plateau of north Hebei, and surface(0-20 cm) soil was collected to analyze the differences in soil microbial biomass and enzyme activity. The results showed that the soil microbial biomass carbon(BC), soil microbial biomass nitrogen(BN), soil microbial biomass phosphorus(BP) content ranged from 49.15, 9.89, 0.50 mg·kg~(-1) to 425.20, 64.08, 13.10 mg·kg~(-1), respectively.Soil urease activity and invertase activity ranged from 0.01, 0.11 mg·g~(-1)·h-1 to 0.08, 0.18 mg·g~(-1)·h-1 respectively in different land use types. The contents of BC, BN and the activity of enzyme in grassland were higher than those in woodland and farmland. The content of BP in woodland was higher than that in grassland and farmland. For farmland with different vegetation, the contents of BC and BN in greenhouse vegetable soil were higher. The content of BP in silage maize soil was higher, but the BC content was lower. The contents of BN and BP in open vegetable soil was lower, while the enzyme activity was stronger. The content of BC was positively correlated with the activity of total organic matter(TOM), total nitrogen(TN), total phosphorus(TP) and NH_4~+-N significantly. The content of BP was significant positively correlated with(active soil organic matter) ASOM, while negatively correlated with inorganic phosphorus(IP) and IP/TP content. Urease activity was positively correlated with TN, TP, ASOM/TOM content and invertase activity. According to the result in this paper, the poor and degraded soils can be improved by replanting pasture, and the application of organic fertilizer can be regulated for the soils with low enzyme activity and poor fertility soil. Facility agriculture can be established in some areas to improve soil microbial biomass and plant crops with high return rate to prevent soil degradation.
【Fund】: 国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFD0300305);; 河北省科技支撑重点项目(13226402D);; 张家口科技支撑项目(1611050C);; 河北北方学院博士基金项目(12995543)
【CateGory Index】: S154
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