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《天文和天体物理学研究(英文版)》 2012-09
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The Large Sky Area Multi-Object Fiber Spectroscopic Telescope (LAMOST)

Xiang-Qun Cui2, Yong-Heng Zhao1, Yao-Quan Chu3, Guo-Ping Li2, Qi Li1, Li-Ping Zhang2, Hong-Jun Su1, Zheng-Qiu Yao2, Ya-Nan Wang2, Xiao-Zheng Xing3, Xin-Nan Li2, Yong-Tian Zhu2, Gang Wang1, Bo-Zhong Gu2, A-Li Luo1, Xin-Qi Xu2, Zhen-Chao Zhang2, Gen-Rong Liu2, Hao-Tong Zhang1, De-Hua Yang2, Shu-Yun Cao1, Hai-Yuan Chen2, Jian-Jun Chen1, Kun-Xin Chen2, Ying Chen1, Jia-Ru Chu3, Lei Feng1, Xue-Fei Gong2, Yong-Hui Hou2, Hong-Zhuan Hu3, Ning-Sheng Hu2, Zhong-Wen Hu2, Lei Jia1, Fang-Hua Jiang2, Xiang Jiang2, Zi-Bo Jiang2, Ge Jin3, Ai-Hua Li2, Yan Li4, Ye-Ping Li2, Guan-Qun Liu2, Zhi-Gang Liu3, Wen-Zhi Lu2, Yin-Dun Mao4, Li Men1, Yong-Jun Qi2, Zhao-Xiang Qi4, Huo-Ming Shi1, Zheng-Hong Tang4, Qing-Sheng Tao2, Da-Qi Wang1, Dan Wang1, Guo-Min Wang2, Hai Wang2, Jia-Ning Wang2, Jian Wang3, Jian-Ling Wang1, Jian-Ping Wang3, Lei Wang2, Shu-Qing Wang1, You Wang2, Yue-Fei Wang2, Ling-Zhe Xu2, Yan Xu1, Shi-Hai Yang2, Yong Yu4, Hui Yuan1, Xiang-Yan Yuan2, Chao Zhai3, Jing Zhang5, Yan-Xia Zhang1, Yong Zhang2, Ming Zhao4, Fang Zhou2, Guo-Hua Zhou2, Jie Zhu2 and Si-Cheng Zou1 1 National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012, China; 2 Nanjing Institute of Astronomical Optics and Technology, National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210042, China 3 University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China 4 Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200030, China 5 Institute of Architecture Design and Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China  
The Large Sky Area Multi-Object Fiber Spectroscopic Telescope (LAMOST, also called the Guo Shou Jing Telescope) is a special reflecting Schmidt telescope. LAMOST’s special design allows both a large aperture (effective aperture of 3.6 m–4.9 m) and a wide field of view (FOV) (5°). It has an innovative active reflecting Schmidt configuration which continuously changes the mirror’s surface that adjusts during the observation process and combines thin deformable mirror active optics with segmented active optics. Its primary mirror (6.67m×6.05 m) and active Schmidt mirror (5.74m×4.40 m) are both segmented, and composed of 37 and 24 hexagonal sub-mirrors respectively. By using a parallel controllable fiber positioning technique, the focal surface of 1.75 m in diameter can accommodate 4000 optical fibers. Also, LAMOST has 16 spectrographs with 32 CCD cameras. LAMOST will be the telescope with the highest rate of spectral acquisition. As a national large scientific project, the LAMOST project was formally proposed in 1996, and approved by the Chinese government in 1997. The construction started in 2001, was completed in 2008 and passed the official acceptance in June 2009. The LAMOST pilot survey was started in October 2011 and the spectroscopic survey will launch in September 2012. Up to now, LAMOST has released more than 480 000 spectra of objects. LAMOST will make an important contribution to the study of the large-scale structure of the Universe, structure and evolution of the Galaxy, and cross-identification of multiwaveband properties in celestial objects.
【CateGory Index】: P111.2
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【Citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 2 Hits
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2 Song Yao 1 , 2 , Chao Liu 1 , Hao-Tong Zhang 1 , Li-Cai Deng 1 , Heidi Jo Newberg 3 , Yue-Yang Zhang 1 , 2 , Jing Li 1 , 4 , Nian Liu 1 , 4 , Xu Zhou 1 , Jeffrey L. Carlin 3 , Li Chen 5 , Norbert Christlieb 6 , Shuang Gao 1 , Zhan-Wen Han 7 , Jin-Liang Hou 5 , Hsu-Tai Lee 8 , Xiao-Wei Liu 9 , Kai-Ke Pan 10 , Hong-Chi Wang 11 , Yan Xu 1 and Fan Yang 1 , 21 Key Lab of Optical Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012, China; 2 Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China 3 Department of Physics, Applied Physics and Astronomy, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, 110 8th Street, Troy, NY 12180, USA 4 School of Physics and Electronic Information, China West Normal University, Nanchong 637000, China 5 Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200030, China 6 Center for Astronomy, University of Heidelberg, Landessternwarte, Ko¨nigstuhl 12, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany 7 Yunnan Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650011, China 8 Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, P.O. Box 23-141, Taipei 106, China 9 Department of Astronomy & Kavli Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China 10 Apache Point Observatory, PO Box 59, Sunspot, NM 88349, USA 11 Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China;The site conditions of the Guo Shou Jing Telescope[J];天文和天体物理学研究(英文版);2012-07
【Co-citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 ZHANG Lei,GAO Xin,WANG Rujie,LU Changming,LI Ming(Beijing Institute of Tracking and Telecommunication Technology,Beijing 100094,CHN);Surface Shape Deformation of Photo-electronic Theodolite Primary Mirror Caused By Temperature[J];Semiconductor Optoelectronics;2010-04
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3 WANG Yang1,2,ZHANG Jing-xu1 ( 1. Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130033, China; 2.Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China );Optimization and Analysis for the Support of the Large Aperture Telescope Primary Mirror[J];Opto-Electronic Engineering;2009-01
4 LI Hong-zhuang1,WANG Jian-li1,LIN Xu-dong1,2,LIU Xin-yue1,CHEN Bao-gang1,HAN Chang-yuan1 (1.Changchun Institute of Optics,Fine Mechanics and Physics,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Changchun 130033,China;2.Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100039,China);Active Optics Experiment System with Thin-mirror[J];Opto-Electronic Engineering;2009-06
5 XIE Bin,XIAO Zhi-hong,YU Jing-chi(Jiangsu Province Key Laboratory of Modern Optical Technology,Soochow University,Suzhou 215006,China);Analyzing thermal deformation of ultra-thin mirror using Zernike polynomials[J];Optics and Precision Engineering;2007-02
6 LIN Xu-dong1,2,CHEN Tao1,WANG Jian-li1, WANG Fu-guo1,2(1.Changchun Institute of Optics,Fine Mechanics and Physics,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Changchun 130033,China;2.Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100039,China);Active optics figure control of segmented mirror[J];Optics and Precision Engineering;2009-01
7 LI Hong-zhuang1,Lin Xu-dong1,2,LIU Xin-yue1,WANG Fu-guo1,2, YANG Fei1,MING Ming1,WANG Jian-li1,HAN Chang-yuan1(1.Changchun Institute of Optics,Fine Mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences,Changchun 130033,China;2.Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100039,China);Experiment system of 400 mm thin-mirror active optics[J];Optics and Precision Engineering;2009-09
8 LIN Xu-dong1,2,CHEN Tao1,WANG Jian-li1,YANG Fei1, ZHANG Jing-xu1, MING Ming1 ,ZHANG Li-min1, CHEN Bao-gang1, LI Hong-zhuang1,WANG Fu-guo1,2(1. Changchun Institute of Optics,Fine Mechanics and Physics,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Changchun 130033,China;2.Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100039,China);Co-focus experiment of segmented-mirror active optics[J];Optics and Precision Engineering;2010-03
9 CHEN Fu-lin1,2,ZHANG Jing-xu1,WU Xiao-xia1,FAN Lei1,2(1.Changchun Institute of Optics,Fine Mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences,Changchun 130033,China; 2.Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100039,China);Supporting structure of 620 mm thin primary mirror and its active surface correction[J];Optics and Precision Engineering;2011-05
10 ZHANG Li-min,ZHANG Bin,YANG Fei,MING Ming (Changchun Institute of Optics,Fine Mechanics and Physics,Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130033,China);Design and test of force actuator in active optical system[J];Optics and Precision Engineering;2012-01
【Secondary Citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 1 Hits
1 SU DING-QIANG WANG YA-NAN (The Nanking Astronomical Instrument,Factory Academia Sinica);AUTOMATIC CORRECTION OF ABERRATION IN ASTRO-OPTICAL SYSTEMS[J];Acta Astronomica Sinica;1974-01
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