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《Soils》 2005-05
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HEAVY METAL CONTENTS IN AND EVALUATION OF VEGETABLE SOILS IN PUDONG NEW DISTRICT OF SHANGHAI

YAO Chun-xia1 CHEN Zhen-lou1 XU Shi-yuan1 ZHANG Ju1 LIU Wei1 XU Yi-zhang2 LU Jian-zhong2 ( 1 Geo-information Science Emphasis Lab of Ministry Education, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062; 2 Pudong New District Agro-technology Extention Service Center, Shanghai 201201 )  
Concentrations of heavy metals in soils of 4 truck gardens and 2 sewage-irrigated zones in Pudong, Shanghai were determined. Evaluation was made of indexes of single contaminants and combined pollution according to the national standard for evaluation of soil environmental quality. Both values of the 4 gardens were less than 1, indicating that they meet the requirements of soil environment for producing hazard-free food. Nine soil samples collected from the two sewage irrigated regions, the indexes of monomial and synthetical pollution of Pb, Cr and As were less than 1, and of Cd, Cu, Zn and Hg were more than 1, especially those of Cd, the most serious one, which were 6.6 and 4.84, respectively. About 33 % of the 9 soil samples were moderately polluted and 67 % seriously polluted. The cause of the pollution is the application of sewage sludge from the Huangpu River and chemical pollution from village enterprises.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金重点项目(40131020 40173030);; 上海市基础研究重点项目(02DJ14029);; 教育部优秀青年教师资助计划(41198054)共同资助。
【CateGory Index】: X53;
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